Topic 1 : Mammal extinct for 60 years rediscovered

Why in news: A mammal that was last recorded in 1961 and was believed to be extinct has been rediscovered in a remote Indonesian forest.

Key details:

Why in news: Despite emergency measures, the effectiveness of smog towers in New Delhi is under renewed debate as the city grapples with its annual environmental crisis.

What are smog towers?


Why in news: The plight of Kerala’s paddy sector is in focus after a farmer died by suicide at Kuttanad in Alappuzha, a prominent paddy-growing region in the state.

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Cost of cultivation and impact on paddy cultivation:

Other factors contributing to the woes of paddy sector:

Pitfalls of Kerala’s PRS system

Why in news: The United States and China announced an agreement to sharply increase clean energy, displace fossil fuels and reduce emissions that are warming the planet.

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About the climate deal:


Why in news: The Pustul plant or Himalayan Yew, scientifically known as Taxus wallichiana, is grappling with the looming threat of extinction, posing a significant risk to cancer treatment.

Key details:

About Himalayan Yew:

Why in news: According to a recent report from the Central Water Commission (CWC), water levels in India’s southern states’ reservoirs are low compared to last year and compared to other regions of the country in 2023. 

Currently available stocks in the dams:

StateReservoir stocks (% of total storage capacity)
Andhra Pradesh -51
Karnataka -38
Kerala -16
Telangana +33

Why are the stocks low?


Why in news: In an election rally in Telangana, Prime Minister of India promised to look into the sub-categorisation of Scheduled Castes (SCs) to identify and help the most backward among them.

What is sub-categorisation?

Is sub-categorising legal?

Initiatives taken by Union Government:

Arguments for sub-categorization:

Arguments against sub-categorization:

Way forward:

Why in news: Recently, the world’s first vaccine for chikungunya was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the U.S.

Key details:

About chikungunya:

About the vaccine:

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