The Government of India is the biggest and the most important employer in the country. Barring a few lower categories of jobs, the other middle and high-level positions under the Central Government are filled by recruitment through an independent agency called the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The Constitution of India advises the Commission to select qualified people to fill these positions. This part deals with the recruitment done by the Commission annually through the Civil Service Examinations.
According to the current plan, the Civil Service Examination consists of two successive levels.
Applications are first invited for the Preliminary Examination only. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the main Examination will have to apply again in the detailed application form which will be supplied to them.
Advertisement inviting applications for the preliminary examination is usually published in all leading newspapers during May. The time lag between the advertisement date and the last date for submitting the application usually is about four weeks. The number of vacancies to be filled based on the results of the Civil Service Examinations is also indicated in the advertisement. The preliminary examination is usually held in August and the main examination in December.
Must be a citizen of Indian for the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service. For other Services, he must either be:
A candidate belonging to the letter category ( b, c, d, or e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
B. AGE LIMIT
The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years as of 1st August of the year of the Civil Service Examinations. The upper age limit prescribed above will be relatable.
C. EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
Minimum educational requirement is a University degrees or its equivalent qualification.
In all, six attempts are permitted, and in the case of physically disabled persons of the general category, nine attempts are permitted if they are otherwise eligible. Appearance at the Preliminary Examination itself will be reckoned as an attempt. Appearing for one paper in the Civil Service Examination will also be counted as an attempt.
This restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of scheduled caste and scheduled tribe candidates.
The number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to “other backward classes” be Nine.
The Civil Service Examination comprises two successive stages:
The preliminary examination shall comprise two compulsory papers of 200 Marks each.
The written examination will consist of the following papers
|Paper – A||300 Marks|
|(One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution).|
|Paper – B||300 Marks|
|Paper – I||250 Marks|
|General Studies – 1 (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)|
|Paper – III||250 Marks|
|General Studies -2|
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
|Paper – IV||250 Marks|
|General Studies -3|
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
|Paper – V||250 Marks|
|General Studies -4|
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
|Paper – VI||250 Marks|
|Optional Subject-Paper- 1|
|Paper – VII||250 Marks|
|Optional Subject-Paper -2|
|Sub Total (Written Test)||1750 Marks|
|Personality Test||275 Marks|
|Grand Total||2025 Marks|
Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and English.
|Sindhi||Devanagari or Arabic|
|Santali||Devanagari or Olchiki|
NOTE: For Santali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.
Interview for personality test:
Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of the Civil Services Competitive Examinations as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion are summoned by them for an Interview for a Personality Test. The candidates will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest and moral integrity.
The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, direct and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. The interview is not intended to be a test either of the specialised of general Knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.
Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part as well as P.T.) will determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allotted to the various services keeping in view their ranks in the Civil Services Competitive Examinations and the preferences expressed by them for various Services and Posts.
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