Welcome to your 13 OCTOBER
1. The CyberKnife System is a non-invasive treatment for cancerous and non-cancerous tumors and other conditions where radiation therapy is indicated.
2. It can be an alternative to surgery or for patients who have inoperable or surgically complex tumors.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. The highest number of pending cases was in Kerala.
2. Only 5% of the all positions in commissions are being occupied by women.
1. The Central government recently announced the inclusion of skilling of girls in non-traditional livelihood (NTL) options in Beti Bachao Beti Padhao programme.
2. The scheme will focus on increasing the enrolment of girls in secondary education, particularly in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) subjects.
1. The Constitution of India does mention about the collegium system.
2. The Supreme Court collegium is headed by the CJI and comprises four other senior-most judges of the court.
1. It resolves a territorial dispute in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, in an area that Lebanon wants to explore for natural gas.
2. All of the Karish field would fall under Israeli control, while another potential gas field, Qana, would be divided but its exploitation would be under Lebanon’s control.
Welcome to your 12 OCTOBER
1. It is a constitutional body established by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976.
2. It is chaired by the Prime Minister of India.
1. India was the largest importer of arms for its armed forces in 2016-20.
2. Domestic arms companies provide more than 50 per cent of India’s total volume of defence procurement in 2016-20.
1. It is being organised by the Ministry of Education, as part of the Skill India Mission.
2. To be eligible to apply, the students must have a 5th-12th grade pass certificate, a skill training certificate, an ITI Diploma, or a graduate degree to participate.
1. The Modhera Sun Temple was made by King Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in the early 11th century.
2. It is a temple made to honour the Sun God on the bank of River Ganga.
1. The government has approved the creation of a Weapon System branch for officers in the Indian Air Force (IAF) which will bring all weapon systems operators of the force under one roof. 2. This is the first time since Independence that a new operational branch is being created. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Welcome to your 11 OCTOBER
1. National Legal Services Authority of India (NALSA) along with other Legal Services Institutions conducts Lok Adalats.
2. Lok Adalats have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
1. The Post Devolution Revenue Deficit Grants are provided to the States under Article 275 of the Constitution.
2. The eligibility of States to receive this grant and the quantum of grant for the period from 2020-21 to 2025-26 was decided by the Fifteenth Commission.
1. It is National Health Protection Scheme.
2. It will be an entitlement-based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the Census 2011.
1. It is a humanoid designed and developed by the DRDO.
2. It aims to fly aboard unmanned test missions ahead of the Gaganyaan human space-flight mission, is undergoing pre-flight ground tests.
1. It is a large, double-stranded DNA virus in the Asfarviridae family.
2. The virus causes a hemorrhagic fever with high mortality rates in domestic pigs; some isolates can cause death of animals as quickly as a week after infection.
1. It is an AI-based protein structure prediction tool.
2. It used processes based on “training, learning, retraining and relearning” to predict the structures of the entire 214 million unique protein sequences deposited in the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) database.
1. Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya is an autonomous Central university.
2. The Bill seeks to expand the scope of the university from beyond just the Railways to cover the entire transport sector and support growth and modernisation in the field.
1. The first Bill will amend the Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005.
2. The Bill proposes to empower the Central government to freeze, seize or attach funds or financial assets or economic resources for preventing financing of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) and to prohibit making available funds or resources for such activities.
1. It is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted in 1957, which forms the basic framework of regulating the mining sector in India and mandates the requirement for granting leases for mining operations.
2. The Ministry of Finance, Government of India, is responsible for the administration of the Act.
Welcome to your 07 OCTOBER
1. The EBP programme was launched by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 2003, to promote the use of alternative and environment friendly fuels.
2. The Government has 10% blending target for mixing ethanol with petrol by 2022 & 20% blending target by 2030.
1. UN peacekeepers provide security and the political and peacebuilding support to help countries make the difficult, early transition from conflict to peace.
2. UN peacekeepers are often referred to as Red Berets or Red Helmets.
1. As per the modified ECLGS, an airline would be eligible for 50% of its fund- based or non-fund-based loan outstanding or ₹1,500 crore, whichever is lower.
2. ECLGS is under the operational domain of Ministry of Finance, Department of Financial Services (DFS).
1. A new India-US Task Force on Biofuels was announced to build on the scope of work on cooperation in biofuels sector.
2. (PACE)-R initiative include smart grid and grid storage as part of the second phase of the Partnership to Advance Clean Energy (PACE)-R initiative.
1. OPEC was established in 1960 by founding members Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
2. India is a member of the group.
Welcome to your 06 OCTOBER
1. It is a type of Public funding Model.
2. In this type of model, full freedom to plan, design and construction is given to the private contractor and core requirements are specified in schedules.
1. It is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Finance, Government of India launched in 2021.
2. Any Indian Citizen who has a business plan for a non-farm sector income generating activities such as manufacturing, processing, trading or service sector.
1. Green visa holders can sponsor their family members themselves.
2. A 25-year expanded residency is offered under the golden visa.
1. It is an initiative of Election Commission of India.
2. It will be broadcast in 23 languages across the country.
1. Around 92% of rural households in India have fully functional tap water connections within their premises, according to a survey commissioned by the Union Ministry of Water Resources.
2. Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional connections.
1. Sanātanī is a term used to describe Hindu movements that incorporate various teachings from the Vedas, Upanishads, and other Hindu texts such as the Ramayana and Bhagavad Gita.
2. Sanatana Dharma is presently a large facet of the collective synthesis of beliefs known as Hinduism.
1. Saudi Arabia
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
1. Ingenuity is a small robotic helicopter located on Mars since February 18, 2021.
2. It is intended to make the first powered atmospheric flight on a planet beyond Earth.
1. It came into being in 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.
2. It consists of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Thailand.
1. Good Friday marks the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary.
2. Easter marks the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
1. Central government recently postponed its 2017 deadline for thermal power plants to install Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) units that cut emissions of sulphur dioxides.
2. A task force will be constituted by the Central Pollution Control Board to categorise plants in three categories “on the basis of their location to comply with the emission norms”.
1. It can be applied only after an area has been declared “disturbed” under section 2 of the act.
2. Section (3) of AFSPA empowers the governor of the state/Union territory to issue an official notification declaring the state or a region within as a “disturbed area”.
1. It is a rare drug, is a mixture of regular cocaine and other chemicals of administrated quantity.
2. It neutralises the smell of cocaine so that it can pass through checkpoints easily.
1. CDS is the military head and permanent Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) of the Indian Armed Forces.
2. The Chief heads the Department of Military Affairs.
1. It enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.
2. In 5G the latency will be ten times higher than in 4G.
1. It is an online platform for public procurement in India.
2. The initiative was launched in 2021 by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
1. A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
2. Northwestern Pacific Basin is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth.
1. It aims to bring back millets and create domestic, and global demand and to provide nutritional food to the people.
2. In 2021, India proposed to United Nations for declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets (IYOM).
1. It was instituted in October, 2019.
2. It has two main pillars Political, Security, Social and Cultural Committee and the Committee on Economy and Investments.
Welcome to your 30 SEPTEMBER
1. The Chief of Defence Staff of the Indian Armed Forces (CDS) is the military head and permanent Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) of the Indian Armed Forces.
2. The Chief of Defence Staff is the highest-ranking uniformed officer on active duty in the Indian military and chief military adviser to the Minister of Defence.
1. Under this welfare scheme, 5 kg of food grain per person per month is provided free of cost for all the beneficiaries covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).
2. The overall expenditure of PMGKAY will be about Rs. 3.91 lakh crore for all the phases.
1. It is used both for direct application as MOP as well as in combination with ‘N’ & ‘P’ nutrients in NPK fertilizers.
2. India meets 100% of its Potash requirement through imports.
1. The programme is being organised in all the villages across the country through the network of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), affiliated Youth Clubs & National Service Scheme Affiliated Institutions.
2. The Department of Youth Affairs of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (Government of India) will launch a month-long nationwide Clean India 2.0.
1. It is a 48-km chain of limestone shoals between Rameswaram on India’s southeast coast and Mannar Island near Sri Lanka’s northwest coast.
2. The Sethusamudram Shipping Canal project aims to create a shipping route between India and Sri Lanka by building an 83-km-long deep water channel.
1. A hurricane is a type of storm called a tropical cyclone, which forms over tropical or subtropical waters.
2. When a storm’s maximum sustained winds reach 74 mph, it is called a hurricane.
1. It is India’s highest award in the field of cinema.
2. The recipient is honoured for their “outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema”.
1. It is a NASA space mission aimed at testing a method of planetary defence against near-Earth objects (NEOs).
2. It is the first-ever mission dedicated to investigating and demonstrating one method of asteroid deflection by changing an asteroid’s motion in space through kinetic impact.
1. It is an initiative of NITI Aayog.
2. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojna is a Central Sector Scheme.
1. The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) is the operational name of NavIC.
2. It is an autonomous regional satellite navigation system that provides accurate real-time positioning and timing services.
1. The A-G is the Government of India’s first law officer, and has the right of audience in all courts of the country.
2. The A-G is supposed to “discharge the functions conferred on him by or under this Constitution or any other law for the time being in force”.
1. Objective of this campaign is to showcase the technological breakthroughs and innovations in each of the 37 CSIR laboratories/institutes spread across the country.
2. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), was established by the Government of India in 1942.
1. It was launched in 2017.
2. It is a collaborative effort by the Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), State/UTs Governments.
Welcome to your 27 SEPTEMBER
1. The Mid-Day Meal Scheme was started in India on 15th August 1995 as ‘National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE)’.
2. The current version of the programme, renamed PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM Poshan in 2021.
1. Sounding rockets are one or two stage solid propellant rockets used for probing the upper atmospheric regions and for space research.
2. They serve as easily affordable platforms to test or prove prototypes of new components or subsystems intended for use in launch vehicles and satellites.
1. It is a twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force (IAF).
2. A variant of the Sukhoi Su-30, it is a heavy, all-weather, long-range fighter.
1. The Index Monitoring Cell (IMC) was set up by the Information and Broadcasting Ministry with stakeholders to improve India’s ranking in the World Press Freedom Index and to evolve an objective yardstick to gauge media freedom. 2. The panel has recommended that consent of the Press Council of India is a prerequisite before filing an FIR against the media or a publication. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. NewSpace India Limited (NSIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise (PSE) of Government of India and commercial arm of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
2. It was established in 2010.
1. The Central government has reconstituted an advisory committee to chalk out a plan for studying the mythical Sarasvati river for the next two years.
2. The committee would continue to be chaired by the Culture Minister.
1. According to Article 72 there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions.
2. According to Article 164(2) the Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly of the State.
1. Arunachal Pradesh
1. The first-of-its-kind research project in the country is aimed at understanding the biochemistry and the response of the ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution.
2. The researchers will collect samples from various stretches of the ocean at an average depth of about 5 km.
1. Indian and Japanese space agencies recently reviewed cooperation in earth observation, lunar cooperation and satellite navigation.
2. India and Italy decided to explore opportunities in earth observation, space science and robotic and human exploration.
Time is Up!
Welcome to your 23 SEPTEMBER
1. DSVs are first of the kind, ships indigenously designed and built at HSL for the Indian Navy.
2. These ships will be capable of sustained patrolling, conducting Search & Rescue operations and carrying out Helicopter Operations at high seas.
1. It is a web-based system for processing the pension claims and crediting the pension directly into the bank accounts of defence pensioners without any external intermediary.
2. This system is administered by the Defence Accounts Department through the Principal Controller of Defence Accounts (Pensions), Prayagraj.
1. The Union Cabinet has approved the second tranche of Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme on ‘National programme on High Efficiency Solar PV Modules’ for achieving manufacturing capacity of Giga Watt scale in High Efficiency Solar PV Modules.
2. About 65 thousand Mega Watt per annum manufacturing capacity of fully and partially integrated solar PV modules will be installed.
1. It includes acts of overburdening or overworking it and not providing the animal food, water and shelter.
2. Section 11 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960 deals with treating animals cruelly.
1. It was created as a dedicated fund in 2010.
2. The fund is administered on an honorary basis by a Joint Secretary (Administration) in the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) as Secretary to the fund.
Welcome to your 22 SEPTEMBER
1. The award is instituted by NITI Aayog.
2. The scheme aims to help build a critical human resource pool for strengthening, expanding the science and technology system and increase the research & development base.
1. The SCO Summit 2022 was first held in Shanghai in June 2002.
2. IRAN is part of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
1. The temple is located on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini river, in the state of Uttarakhand.
2. The temple is one of the four major sites in India’s Chota Char Dham pilgrimage of Northern Himalayas.
1. This version of the virus, which has spread widely among North American and European birds.
2. Besides birds, the virus has earlier turned up in foxes, bobcats, skunks, and seals.
1. It empowers DMs to give adoption orders.
2. The intent of the amendment was to prevent court-related delays during adoptions because of a large number of pending cases.
1. It was held in the Ladakh plateau at an altitude of 14,000 feet.
2. It used newly inducted all-terrain vehicles transported by Chinook heavy lift helicopters and K9-Vajra howitzers, among others.
1. It is a disease that is caused by a family of viruses called the lyssaviruses and found in a range of mammals.
2. The virus targets the central nervous system and is nearly 100% fatal to the host animal if it succeeds in infecting it.
1. The 2+2 dialogue is a format of meeting of the foreign and defence ministers of India and its allies on strategic and security issues.
2. India has 2+2 dialogues with four key strategic partners: US, Australia, Japan, and Russia.
Welcome to your 19 SEPTEMBER
1. On April 1, 2014, India became the first country to legally mandate corporate social responsibility.
2. The rules in Section 135 of India’s Companies Act make it mandatory for companies of a certain turnover and profitability to spend 2% of their average net profit for the past three years on CSR.
1. India has emerged as the largest bilateral lender for Sri Lanka, overtaking China.
2. India has provided a total of 968 million US dollars in loans to the island nation in four months of 2022.
1. It is a peace treaty, signed, on 3 August 2015.
2. It is between the Government of India, and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), to end the insurgency in the state of Nagaland in Northeast India.
1. It is caused by a virus called the Capripoxvirus.
2. It is genetically related to the goatpox and sheeppox virus family.
1. The Act replaced the Juvenile Delinquency Law and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
2. One of the main provisions of the Act is allowing the trial of juveniles in conflict with law in the age group of 12-18 years as adults.
1. It is a frontline warship of the Eastern Fleet based at Visakhapatnam.
2. It was built by the Cochin Shipyard.
1. It is the World’s largest gathering focussed on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).
2. It will bring together leading Ministers and CEOs to discuss the evolving energy landscape, assess post-pandemic economic recovery and navigate a route to a just energy transition.
1. There are around 1.5 lakh deaths on India’s roads every year, of which one third are accounted for by National Highways.
2. In 2021, while the number of National Highway accidents dipped to 1,22,204, the number of deaths increased to 53,615.
1. According to The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, contempt of court can either be civil contempt or criminal contempt.
2. Civil contempt means “wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court, or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court”.
1. It means attachment of a farmer’s land, already pledged to the money lending institution or individual, in case of a loan default.
2. Kurki orders are executed under Section 60 of Civil Procedure Code, 1908.
Welcome to your 16 SEPTEMBER
1. It is a consumer awareness campaign to reduce air pollution by promoting the use of electric vehicles (EVs) for ride-hailing and deliveries.
2. The National Programme on Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Energy Storage (Part III) report was also launched during the event.
1. It is under the union Ministry of Education.
2. It was established in 1998 under the Charitable Endowments Act 1890 and was notified by the Government of India in November, 1998.
1. It was released by NITI Aayog.
2. BLOs are the primary source of information for every voter across the length and breadth of the country.
1. It would facilitate development projects, especially in the framework of the International Solar Alliance.
2. It provides a platform for Indian innovations and startups to demonstrate their relevance to the requirements of other societies.
1. India has recently launched a joint whitepaper on ‘Urban Wastewater Scenario in India’ with Denmark at World Water Congress and Exhibition 2022 in Copenhagen.
2. The whitepaper aims at holistically capturing the current status of wastewater treatment in India and potential pathways for future treatment structures, co-creation, and collaborations.
Welcome to your 15 SEPTEMBER
1. In 1858, he led the Achippudava Samaram strike at Kayamkulam in Alappuzha.
2. He was credited with building two temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, in which members of all castes and religions were allowed entry.
1. 384 drugs have been included in this list with addition of 34 drugs, while 26 from the previous list have been dropped.
2. The medicines have been categorized into 27 therapeutic categories.
1. It is an apex industry body of digital infrastructure providers.
2. It is hosting its Annual Flagship Event with new theme for this year, “Gati Shakti vision for 5G & Beyond”.
1. It involves two Phases; exercises at sea and a harbour phase at Visakhapatnam.
2. This edition marks the 10th anniversary of JIMEX, which began in Japan in 2012.
1. It is the world’s fastest land animal historically ranging throughout most of Sub-Saharan Africa and extending eastward to India.
2. Japan has the largest population of Cheetahs in the world, earning it the title “The Cheetah Capital of the World”.
Welcome to your 14 SEPTEMBER
1. The Supreme Court will examine whether 10 per cent quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in government jobs and admissions, violates the basic structure of the Constitution.
2. The 103rd Amendment inserted Articles 15(6) and 16(6) in the Constitution to provide up to 10 per cent reservation to EWS other than backward classes, SCs, and STs in higher educational institutions and initial recruitment in government jobs.
1. S. P. Gupta v. Union of India – 1981
2. Supreme Court Advocates-on Record Association vs Union of India – 1993
1. Child pornography is illegal and strictly prohibited across the country under section 67B of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
2. The selling and distribution of pornographic material is illegal in India under section 292 of IPC.
1. At present the BDS is a five-year course, which comprises four-year academics and one year of internship.
2. Dental Council of India falls under the Union Education Ministry.
Welcome to your 13 SEPTEMBER
1. It was an attempt to create a global dialogue of faiths.
2. Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World’s Religions (1893).
1. He is best known for the Bhoodan Movement.
2. He is considered a National Teacher of India and the spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi.
1. It was launched in 2019, with a Goal of: 20% to 30% reduction in Particulate Matter concentrations by 2024 keeping 2017 as the base year.
2. The nodal Ministry is the Union Ministry of home Affairs.
1. It was launched in October 2014 to disseminate information on air quality in an easily understandable form for the general public.
2. The measurement of air quality is based on eight pollutants, namely, PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2, CO, O3, NH3, and Pb
1. Since July 1, 2022, India has banned the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale, and use of single-use plastic (SUP) items with low utility and high littering potential.
2. India is not a party to the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA).
1. It is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India.
2. It was constituted vide Government of India Resolution dated 29th August 1997 as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP).
1. By 2030, 50 percent of India’s energy production will be met by non-fossil fuel.
2. By 2070 India plans ‘Net Zero’.
1. A full court meeting literally means one which is attended by all the judges of the court.
2. As per convention, full-court meetings are called by the Chief Justice of India to discuss issues of importance to the judiciary.
1. It is a country in Southern Africa.
2. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest.
1. Under the scheme, all fertiliser companies, State Trading Entities and Fertiliser Marketing Entities will be required to use a single “Bharat” brand for fertilisers and logo under the Pradhanmantri Bhartiya Janurvarak Pariyojna (PMBJP).
2. PMBJP is the Centre’s fertiliser subsidy scheme.
Welcome to your 09 SEPTEMBER
1. The Union Cabinet has approved policy on long term leasing of Railway Land for implementing PM Gati Shakti framework.
2. 300 cargo terminals would be developed over next five years and about 1.2 lakh employment would be generated.
1. China’s first fully solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicle has successfully completed its maiden test flight with all onboard systems functioning optimally.
2. Named the Qimingxing-50, or Morning Star-50, this drone flies above 20-km altitude where there is stable airflow with no clouds.
1. Indian importers can pay for their imports in INR into the Vostro account.
2. A Vostro account is an account that a correspondent bank holds on behalf of another bank.
1. It aims to conduct a study for optimum utilisation of water received by Bangladesh under the provisions of the Ganges Water Sharing Treaty, 1996.
2. The Ganga Water Sharing Treaty is a 30-year agreement which is expected to be reviewed or renewed in 2026.
1. The scheme was launched to aid Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) sector in view of the economic distress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
2. The scheme is under the operational domain of Ministry of Finance, Department of Financial Services (DFS).
Welcome to your 08 SEPTEMBER
1. Seven MoUs, including on water resources, railways, science and technology, space technology were recently exchanged.
2. An agreement on water sharing from the Kushiyara River has been signed.
1. This is India’s first intranasal vaccine for Monkeypox.
2. The product – iNCOVACC is stable at 2-8°C for easy storage and distribution.
1. It is an Indian constitutional body under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India.
2. Article 123 of the Indian constitution deals with National Commission for Scheduled Castes.
1. It was set up in 2013.
2. It was the first formal acknowledgment of the need to compensate developing countries struck by climate disasters.
1. EWS reservation was granted based on the recommendations of a commission headed by Major General (retd) S R Sinho.
2. Constitution (103rd Amendment) provided reservation to EWS.
Welcome to your 07 SEPTEMBER
1. It aims for the development and upgradation of 14 thousand 500 schools across the country.
2. These PM-SHRI schools will become model schools which will encapsulate the full spirit of National Education Policy.
1. It is an intervention aimed at changing the sexual orientation or gender identity of an individual with the use of either psychiatric treatment, drugs, exorcism and even violence.
2. The conversion therapy umbrella also includes efforts to change the core identity of youth whose gender identity is incongruent with their sex anatomy.
1. According to the Ministry of Education, in Primary Schools, the pupil-teacher ratio which was at 43 in 2010-11 has come down to 26.3 in 2020- 21.
2. While in Upper Primary schools, the pupil-teacher ratio has reduced from 33 in 2010-11 to 18.9 in 2020-21.
1. It a group of mounds and ruins, is a 5000-year-old archaeological site located in Haryana.
2. It comprises the remnants of one of two main centres of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, the other one being Harappa.
1. Preventive detentions in 2021 saw a rise by over 23.7% compared with the year before, with over 1.1 lakh people being placed under preventive detention.
2. Over 24,500 people placed under preventive detention were either in custody or still detained as of 2021-end — the highest since 2017
Welcome to your 05 SEPTEMBER
1. It was designed and developed by DRDO.
2. It is a game-changer with multiple applications for future missions including to Mars and Venus.
1. It is a patented and indigenously made liquid that contains nanoparticles of urea.
2. A single half-litre bottle of the liquid can compensate for a 45 kg sack of urea.
1. Section 437 of the CrPC deals with bail in case of non-bailable offences.
2. Under Section 437 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), a woman is entitled to favourable treatment.
1. It is a supersonic, heat-seeking, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft.
2. It has a high-explosive warhead and an infrared heat-seeking guidance system.
1. It is a crucial exercise commissioned by the UGC’s Educational Survey Division for the country to understand how school education is progressing.
2. It studies the projection of enrollment of students (in the age group of 6 – 16 years) in schools for states and Union territories (covers 20 states and UTs) and for marginalised groups.
1. It is a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia-based NPO Mashinostroyeniya.
2. The missile derives its name from the Brahmani and Moskva rivers.
1. The digital fiat currency or CBDC can be transacted using wallets backed by blockchain.
2. It is different from decentralised virtual currencies and crypto assets.
1. He was one of the founding members of the Ghadar Party.
2. Ghadar Party aims was to lead a revolutionary fight against the British in India.
Welcome to your 2 SEPTEMBER
1. An NEP is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country.
2. The first education policy came in 1986 on the recommendation of the Education Commission, headed by D S Kothari.
1. The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) is an independent body.
2. It is a statutory body.
1. The Special Marriage Act, 1954 is an Act of the Parliament of India with provision for civil marriage for people of India and all Indian nationals in foreign countries, irrespective of religion or faith followed by either party.
2. The Act lays down the procedure for both solemnization and registration of marriage, where either of the husband or wife or both are not Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, or Sikhs.
1. Section 9A in The Representation of the People Act, 1951 deals with Disqualification for Government contracts, etc.
2. Recently Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren has been disqualified under Section 9(A).
Welcome to your 1 septemeber
1. The scheme aims to provide free competitive exam coaching to students, health insurance and financial assistance for housing and uplift clusters of these communities through livelihood initiatives.
2. The Ministry has been allocated ₹200 crore for this scheme to be spent over five financial years from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
1. Murders, which did not come down even in 2020, continued to increase in 2021 too, according to data from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)’s 2021 report.
2. Murder cases continued their consistent increase with 29,272 cases in 2021, up from 29,193 in 2020 and 28,915 in 2019.
1. The same southwest monsoon that brings the bulk of India’s annual rainfall causes rain in Pakistan as well.
2. The monsoon season in Pakistan, however, is a little shorter than in India.
1. The government plans to facilitate easier financing norms to activities pertaining to the manufacturing and services hubs envisaged under the proposed revamped law for Special Economic Zones (SEZs), also known as Development (Enterprise and Services) Hub Bill, 2022.
2. This will be done by giving them infrastructure status, at par with sectors such as road, rail waterways, airports, to improve access to finance and enable long-term borrowing from lenders at easier terms.
1. 5G networks are deployed only in one mode that is standalone.
2. The standalone mode provides access to full 5G capabilities and new network functionalities such as slicing that provides greater flexibility to operators to efficiently use their spectrum holdings.
1. Delhi remained the most polluted capital city in the world. 2. India is the third most polluted country in 2020, unlike in 2019, when its air was the fifth most noxious. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. The Union Cabinet has approved the closure of Handicrafts and Handlooms Export Corporation of India Limited (HHEC).
2. It was under the administrative control of the Ministry of Finance.
1. The Union Cabinet has recently cleared a Bill to set up a government-owned development finance institution (DFI) with initial paid-up capital of Rs 20,000 crore.
2. The DFI will be fully government-owned initially and the promoter’s stake will be brought down to 26 per cent in the next few years.
1. India, effectively the only home of the bustards, now harbours less than 150 individuals in five States.
2. It is listed in Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
1. Supreme Court, in the PUCL v Union of India (2013) directed the ECI to introduce NOTA in direct elections to allow voters to register their protest if none of the candidates is acceptable to them.
2. NOTA has only symbolic value in a direct election.
1. It is an initiative of Greenpeace International.
2. It intends to create “bee fences” to thwart elephant attacks in human habitations using honeybees.
Welcome to your 26 AUGUST 2022
1. E-chip and a few more features will be added to the passport book which will provide security upgradation of the Indian passport and enable machine reading.
2. 87 billion dollars have been remitted to India by diaspora last year, compared to the 83 billion dollars in the previous year.
1. It is the act of working at an extra job beyond regular working hours, usually without the knowledge of the employer.
2. The term gained popularity when workers in the US started seeking a second job beyond their regular 9-to-5 work for additional income.
1. In Vijay Madanlal Choudhary & Ors v Union of India case, the Supreme Court upheld the key provisions of the PMLA. 2. Recently Supreme Court drastically curtailed the powers of the Enforcement Directorate (ED). Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. It seeks to amend the Competition Act, 2002.
2. The bill broadens the scope of anti-competitive agreements and the inclusion of a party facilitating an anti-competitive horizontal agreement under such agreements.
1. The Supreme Court (SC) has directed the Centre to increase coverage under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).
2. The coverage under the NFSA is still decided by the population figures of the 2011 census.
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1. The induction of personnel at middle and senior management levels recommended by NITI Aayog, in its three-year Action Agenda.
2. Individuals would be contracted for three to five years for “reserved/unreserved” posts in the central government.
1. It is a town in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.
2. It is known for mango export, with nearly 250 varieties.
1. The Election Commission of India will be hosting a virtual meet of the ‘Asian Regional Forum’.
2. The theme is “Making our Elections Inclusive, Accessible and Participative”.
1. It is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union (EU), founded in 1999, with representatives of the IMF and the World Bank.
2. The G20 accounts for 95% of the world’s patents, 85% of global GDP, 75% of international trade and 65% of the world population.
1. Biofuel is a fuel that is produced over a short time span from biomass, rather than by the very slow natural processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as oil.
2. Most of biofuel consumption occurs as a blend with refined petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and kerosene-type jet fuel.
1. The Union Government has decided to remove the fare cap on air tickets from 31st of August 2022.
2. The cap on airfares was imposed by the Civil Aviation Ministry in May, 2020.
1. Union Cabinet has approved the signing of an Audio Visual C0-Production Treaty, between India and Australia with a view to promote co-production of films.
2. The proposed agreement will boost ties with Australia, lead to exchange of art and culture, showcase the soft power of our country and lead to generation of employment.
Welcome to your 19 AUGUST
Welcome to your 18 AUGUST
1. Space Kidz India is an organization creating ‘young scientists for the country and spreading awareness among children for a borderless world.’
2. The organization recently launched a satellite into High Earth Orbit.
1. The Government of India authorized a commemorative postal stamp for freedom fighter Ondiveeran.
2. He was an Indian commander-in-chief who fought against the British East India Company in Tamil Nadu.
1. Under Article 72 of the Constitution, the Governor of a state possesses the pardoning power.
2. The advice of the state cabinet is binding on the Governor in matters relating to commutation /remission of sentences under Article 161.
1. For the first time, researchers in Sweden have been able to create a successful alternative bioengineered cornea implants made of collagen derived from pig skin.
2. Keratoconus is a disease that leads to thinning of the cornea.
1. It is the most widely celebrated festival of the Parsi community.
2. This is seen as a harbinger of peace and prosperity.
Welcome to your 17 AUGUST
1. Rani Laxmibai is known for her role in the First War of India’s Independence in 1857.
2. Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual and political leader who fought the British.
1. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947.
2. The ratio of the width to the length of the Flag shall ordinarily be 2:3.
1. Talc is the softest known mineral and is mined from underground deposits.
2. Asbestos, the name for another group of naturally occurring silicate minerals, can also be found near talc deposits.
1. According to the Department of Posts, there were 23,344 post offices, primarily in urban areas, in India at the time of Independence.
2. The PIN is made up of six digits.
1. It is a passenger processing system based on facial recognition technology.
2. DigiYatra envisages that travellers pass through various checkpoints at the airport through paperless and contactless processing, using facial features to establish their identity, which would be linked to the boarding pass.
Welcome to your 16 AUGUST
1. It is a political and military alliance of 28 European countries and two countries in North America (United States and Canada).
2. It was set up in 1981 by the US, Canada, and several western European nations to ensure their collective security against the Soviet Union.
1. An MoU was signed between Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for providing technical support to Ministry of Ayush for digitalisation of Ayush Sector under the Ayush Grid project for a period of 3 years.
2. The Ayush Grid project was initiated by the Ministry in 2018 for creating a comprehensive IT backbone for the entire sector.
1. CPI is a metric that measures retail inflation by collecting data on the prices of goods and services that are consumed by the retail population of the country.
2. The National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) releases CPI.
1. It aims to provide welfare measures to the Transgender community and people engaged in the act of begging.
2. Union Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal ministry.
1. It was created in 1919, as part of the Treaty of Versailles.
2. In 1946, the ILO became a specialized agency of the United Nations.
1. The 41 hymns of Guru Ravidas have been included in the Guru Granth Sahib.
2. The famous saint poetess, Mirabai was a disciple of Guru Ravidas.
1. RBI has three Ombudsmen- Banking, Non-Banking Finance Company and digital transactions.
2. The three Ombudsman Schemes are being merged and integrated into a single scheme which will be rolled out starting from June this year.
1. It does not provide for joint guardianship nor does it recognise the mother as the guardian of the minor legitimate child unless the father is deceased or is found unfit.
2. The Act gives preference to father over mother, it goes against the right to equality and right against discrimination envisaged under Articles 14 and 15 of the Constitution
1. It was set up in 1942as an autonomous body (under the Societies Registration Act, 1860).
2. It comes under the administrative supervision of the Ministry of Education, Government of India.
1. The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 56 independent and equal countries.
2. The last two countries to join the Commonwealth were India and Togo in 2022.
1. Electricity is on the Concurrent List (Centre and states have equal rights to frame laws) of the Constitution of India.
2. Before the Electricity Act, 2003, the generation, distribution and transmission of electricity were carried out mainly by the State Electricity Boards in various States.
Welcome to your 9 AUGUST 2022
1. In 1944, Chicago Convention was held which led to the formation of International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).
2. ICAO headquarters is located in London.
1. Monetary policy refers to the policy of the central bank with regard to the use of monetary instruments under its control to achieve the goals specified in the RBI Act.
2. MPC shall determine the Policy Rate required to achieve the inflation target.
1. Section 42 of the Electricity Act will be amended to allow ‘non-discriminatory open access’ to the distribution network, allowing private companies to supply electricity provided they get a license.
2. Section 14 of the Electricity Act has also been proposed to be amended, allowing private companies to use distribution networks built by public sector electricity companies, enabling competition and enhancing the efficiency of power supply across the country.
1. The International Mobile Equipment Identity or IMEI is a unique number that is used to identify a device on a mobile network.
2. It has 15 digits, and is like the phone’s unique identity.
1. The PESA Act was enacted in 1996 “to provide for the extension of the provisions of Part IX of the Constitution relating to the Panchayats to the Scheduled Areas”.
2. Under the PESA Act, Scheduled Areas are those referred to in Article 244(1), which says that the provisions of the Fifth Schedule shall apply to the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in states other than Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.
Welcome to your 8 AUGUST
1. The “porcupine doctrine”, which was proposed in 2008 by US Naval War College research professor William S Murray.
2. It is a strategy of asymmetric warfare focused on fortifying a weak state’s defences to exploit the enemy’s weaknesses rather than taking on its strengths.
1. Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India unanimously decided to raise the policy repo rate by 50 basis points (bps) to 5.4%.
2. The RBI retained its inflation and GDP growth projections for the current fiscal year ending in March 2023 at 9% and 11%, respectively.
1. The Bill seeks to amend the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
2. It provides for the regulation of energy consumption by equipment, appliances, buildings, and industries.
1. Carbon markets allow the trade of carbon credits with the overall objective of bringing down emissions.
2. The creation of a domestic carbon market is one of the most significant provisions of the proposed amendment The Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022.
1. It is designed to involve the youth of the country encouraging them to come forward and imbibe the true spirit of our democracy and celebrate 75 years of India’s independence with youthful fervour.
2. Through this mass movement or ‘Jan Bhagidari’ initiative, the Ministry of Culture also intends to amplify and support the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ movement.
Welcome to your 4 AUGUST
1. It is the biennial exercise hosted by the Australian Air Force.
2. The 2020 edition of the exercise was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
1. The NIPUN Bharat Mission of the Government of India through its Mission Implementation Guidelines suggests that teaching learning process and development of teaching learning material should be done in mother tongue.
2. Education is in the state list of the Constitution and majority of the schools are under the domain of the States/UTs.
1. The Bill amends the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
2. Currently, the Act has six schedules for specially protected plants (one), specially protected animals (four), and vermin species (one).
1. The number of dogs on India’s streets declined from 1.71 crore in 2012 to 1.53 crore in 2019, according to figures tabled in Lok Sabha by Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Minister.
2. The Union Territory of Chandigarh had not a single dog on the streets, in either of the two Livestock Censuses.
1. SSLV is a rocket that is designed to orbit satellites weighing less than 500kg in Low Earth Orbit and 300 kg to Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO).
2. It is a 3 stage Launch Vehicle configured with three Solid Propulsion Stages and liquid propulsion-based Velocity Trimming Module (VTM) as a terminal stage.
Welcome to your 2 AUGUST
1. The President’s Colour is the highest honour given to the military, paramilitary and police forces of States and Union Territories.
2. Vice President Venkaiah Naidu presented the President’s colour to the Tamil Nadu Police.
1. A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) uses an ICE (a petrol/diesel engine) and one or more electric motors to run.
2. It is powered by the electric motor alone, which uses energy stored in batteries, by the ICE, or both.
1. So far, only 2 nations have the capability of manufacturing an aircraft carrier.
2. With an overall indigenous content of 76%, the aircraft carrier is a perfect example of the quest for Aatma Nirbhar Bharat.
1.With reference to the ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident, consider the following statements:
1. The Chauri Chaura incident took place on 4 February 1922.
2. Chauri Chaura is located in Bihar.
2.With reference to KRITAGYA, consider the following statements:
1. It aims to promote innovation in agriculture and allied sectors in the country.
2. It is an initiative of NITI Aayog.
3.With reference to the Budget 2021-22, consider the following statements:
1. The Scheme will provide assistance to DISCOMS for infrastructure creation, including pre-paid smart metering and feeder separation.
2. Budget proposed to launch a comprehensive National Hydrogen Energy Mission in 2021-22.
4.With reference to the Budget 2021-22, consider the following statements:
1. An enhanced outlay of 1,18,101 crore has been provided for Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, of which 1,08,230 crore is for capital, the highest ever.
2. Advanced Traffic management system with speed radars, variable message signboards, GPS enabled recovery vans will be installed in all new four and six lane highways.
5.With reference to the Union Budget 2021-22, consider the following statements:
1. 100% electrification of Broad-Gauge routes will be completed by December, 2023.
2. Government plans to deploy two new technologies i.e. ‘MetroLite’ and ‘MetroNeo’ to provide metro rail systems at much lesser cost with same experience, convenience and safety in Tier-2 cities and peripheral areas of Tier-1 cities.
Welcome to your 29 JULY 2022
1. It is scheduled to be held in China between 11th and 30th October 2022.
2. The Union Cabinet has approved the Signing of Guarantees for hosting Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Under 17 Women’s World Cup 2022 in India.
1. The bill provides for constitution of the National Anti-Doping Agency- NADA for regulating anti-doping activities in sports.
2. It seeks to give effect to the UNESCO International Convention against doping in sports and compliance of such other obligations and commitments.
1. The Union Cabinet has recently approved the signing of MoU between National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR) and University of Reading (UoR), United Kingdom (UK) for collaboration in the field of agriculture and rural development in developing countries.
2. NIRD&PR is an autonomous organisation under the Union Ministry of Finance.
1. The Supreme Court recently read down the core amendments made to the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).
2. The recent amendments gives the government and the Enforcement Directorate (ED) virtually unbridled powers of summons, arrest, and raids, and makes bail nearly impossible while shifting the burden of proof of innocence on to the accused rather than the prosecution.
1. It was launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
2. It aims to boost geospatial entrepreneurship for the socio-economic development of India.
Welcome to your 28 JULY
1. The space station is jointly run by the space agencies of India, the U.S., South Korea, Japan and Canada.
2. The first piece was put in orbit in 1998, and the outpost has been continuously inhabited for nearly 22 years.
1. Spending on ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign declared CSR activity under Companies Act.
2. Under the Companies Act, 2013, certain class of profitable companies are required to shell out at least two per cent of their three-year annual average net profit towards CSR activities.
Welcome to your 27 JULY 2022
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