Topic 1: Commercial spyware

Why in news: A former Egyptian politician was targeted with Cytrox’s Predator spyware sent via links on SMS and WhatsApp.

What is spyware?

What is commercial spyware?

Topic 2: Project Udbhav

Why in news: The Indian Army has started an initiative, named Project Udbhav.

Key details:

Topic 3: Nobel Prize in Medicine 2023

Why in news: The 2023 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has gone to scientists Katalin Kariko and Drew Weissman, whose work enabled the development of mRNA vaccines against Covid-19.

What is mRNA?

Contribution of Kariko and Weissman

Topic 4: Bihar caste survey

Why in news: The Bihar government has released the results of its survey of castes in the state.

Key details:

Key findings of the Bihar caste survey

When and how was the survey undertaken?

Significance of the Bihar caste survey findings

What kind of caste data is published in the Census?

Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC)

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