Topic 1: Project Tiger

Context: Bandipur completes 50 years as Project Tiger reserve.

Key details:

About Project Tiger:

How Project Tiger helped in protecting other wild species?


Bandipur Tiger ReserveBandipur National Park in Karnataka was established as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1973.It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve since 1986.The Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore created a sanctuary in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park.The Bandipur Tiger Reserve was established under Project Tiger in 1973 by adding much more area to the Venugopala Wildlife park.Bandipur National Park is located where the Deccan Plateau meets the Western Ghats.As a result, the park has a variety of biomes including:dry deciduous forests,moist deciduous forests andshrublands.The park is flanked by the Kabini river in the north and the Moyar in the south.The Nugu river runs through the park.The highest point in the park is on a hill called Himavad Gopalaswamy Betta.Bandipur has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.Fauna:The Asian elephant, gaur, Bengal tiger, sloth bear, four-horned antelope, golden jackal and dhole.

Topic 2: De-dollarization

Context: India and Malaysia have agreed to settle trade in the Indian rupee which indicates that India is willing to take concrete steps towards de-dollarisation of its international trade.

Key details:

What is de-dollarization?

Why de-dollarization?

Which countries are de-dollarizing?

What Russia has done in this direction?

What China has done in this direction?

How the dollar cemented its position in the global market:

Way forward

Topic 3: Banarasi Paan, Langda mango gets GI tag

Context: The famous Banarasi Paan and Banarasi Langda mango are the two latest products to have got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

Key details:

What is a GI Tag?Geographical Indication (GI) Tags act as a special identification ascribed to any regiontown, or state.These tags are assigned to certain products like agriculture or handicraft that symbolise the uniqueness of that particular region or place.India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.It came into force with effect from 2003.GI has been defined as – Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given qualityreputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.GI tags mean that that product, name or sign thus assigned is unique, bears distinctive qualities, are made with traditional methods representing the reputation of the region.One can also view this tag as a means of protection from any sort of copyright violation.The Darjeeling Tea was the first product in India that was given a GI tag around 2004-2005.

Topic 4: Northern Lights/Auroras

Context: A video of a group of men performing the traditional dance of Indian ‘garba’ under the stunning northern lights in Alaska has gone viral.

What are ‘Auroras’?

How ‘aurora’ forms?

Why are northern lights visible only in winters?

Topic 5: Antarctic Ice sanctuary

Context: Italian, French and Norwegian researchers are in Norway’s Svalbard archipelago to preserve crucial ice records for analysing past environmental conditions.

Key details:

Topic 6: Exercise Cope India

Context: Continuing the military-to-military engagement, the Air Forces of India and the U.S. are set to conduct the Cope India exercise at the Kalaikunda airbase in West Bengal, with Japan as an observer.

Key details:

Topic 7: Mahavir Jayanti

Context: Vice President greets the nation on the eve of Mahavir Jayanti

Key details:

Topic 8: Mission Sahbhagita

Context: Mission Sahbhagita launched by the government.

Key details:

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