Topic 1: Yanomami

Context: Brazilian government has promised to speed up the expulsion of illegal miners in the country’s largest indigenous territory, Yanomami.

Key details:

About the Yanomami people:

Impact of illegal mining in Yanomami territory

Context: AstraZeneca Pharma India Ltd said it has received an approval from the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for the cancer drug trastuzumab deruxtecan for treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

Key details:

Context: A host of Cadbury chocolates have been recalled in the United Kingdom over fears of potential contamination by Listeria monocytogenes, a bacteria that causes infection with flu-like symptoms.

Key details:

Topic 4 : Debt-for-climate swaps

Context: In the past decade, debt-for-climate swaps have grown relatively popular among low- and middle-income countries.

What is it?

Why these swaps are attractive?


Context: A government panel that looked into allegations of sexual harassment by some of the nation’s top wrestlers against Wrestling Federation of India chief found that there was no Internal Complaints Committee (ICC), as mandated by law under the 2013 Prevention of Sexual Harassment (PoSH) Act.

Key details:

What is the Internal Complaints Committee under the law?

The PoSH Act 2013:

Context: An India Habitat Trust team is conducting a survey of the critically-endangered grassland species Bengal Florican at Dudhwa National Park.

The Bengal florican:

Dudhwa national park:

Topic 7 : World Press Freedom Index 2023

Context: India slips in press freedom index, ranks 161 out of 180 nations

Key details:

Context: The Iranian Revolutionary Guard seized a Panamanian-flagged oil tanker in the strategic Strait of Hormuz.

Key details:

Topic 9 : Internal Complaints Committees and The PoSH Act (updated)

Context: An investigation revealed that more than half — 16 — of India’s 30 national sports federations do not have an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC), a legal requirement under the Prevention of Sexual Harassment (PoSH) Act, 2013.

Key details:

What is the Internal Complaints Committee under the law?

About the Act:


The complaints committee

What constitutes sexual harassment under the PoSH Act?

In addition, the PoSH Act mentions five circumstances that amount to sexual harassment:

Procedure for complaint under the Act

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