Topic 1: BizAmp and SRI fund

Context: Secretary, the Ministry of MSME presided over BizAmp, an outreach programme organized by the Ministry of MSME.

Key details:

Topic 2: Penumbral lunar eclipse

Context: The penumbral lunar eclipse happened recently.

What is a penumbral lunar eclipse?

Topic 3: Voluntary insolvency

Context: Go Airlines (India) Ltd (Go First) said that it was filing for voluntary insolvency proceedings with the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT)

What is insolvency?

What is voluntary insolvency?

National Company Law TribunalNCLT is a quasi-judicial authority incorporated for dealing with corporate disputes that are of civil nature arising under the Companies Act.All proceedings under the Companies Act shall be disposed off by the National Company Law Tribunal.The NCLT bench is chaired by a Judicial member who is supposed to be a retired or a serving High Court Judge and a Technical member who must be from the Indian Corporate Law Service, ICLS Cadre.The National Company Law Tribunal is the adjudicating authority for the insolvency resolution process of companies and limited liability partnerships under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.No criminal court shall have jurisdiction to entertain any suit or proceeding in respect of any matter which the Tribunal or the Appellate Tribunal is empowered to determine by or under this Act.

Topic 4: Cyclone Mocha

Context: Odisha is preparing for the first cyclone of 2023, Cyclone Mocha.

Key details:

What is tropical cyclone?Tropical cyclones are violent storms that originate over oceans in tropical areas.They are known by various names:Cyclones in the Indian Ocean,Hurricanes in the Atlantic,Typhoons in the Western Pacific and South China Sea, andWilly-willies in the Western Australia.Conditions favorable for the formation and intensification of tropical storms are:A warm sea  – a temperature in excess of 26 degrees Celsius to a depth of 60 mAbundant and turbulent transfer of water vapour to the overlying atmosphere by evaporationPresence of the Coriolis forceSmall variations in the vertical wind speedA pre-existing weak low-pressure area or low-level-cyclonic circulationUpper divergence above the sea level system

Topic 5: International Leopard Day 2023

Context: A new portal dedicated to leopards (Panthera pardus) was launched by a predator conservation working group, on International Leopard Day, 2023 to promote and celebrate leopards worldwide.

About Leopard:

Topic 6: Talaq-e-Hasan

Context: The Supreme Court agreed to take up Muslim women’s petitions challenging the validity of talaq-e-hasan under the Muslim personal law.

What is Talaq-e-Hasan?

How is it different from triple talaq?

Topic 7: King Cobra

Context: The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its latest update revealed that among the 1,47,517 listed animal species, 41,459 are threatened with extinction including the King Cobra.

Key details:

About King Cobra

About IUCNIUCN is a membership Union composed of both government and civil society organisations.IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it.Its experts are organised into six Commissions dedicated to:species survival,environmental law,protected areas,social and economic policy,ecosystem management, andeducation and communication.Created in 1948, IUCN has evolved into the world’s largest and most diverse environmental network.Members meet every four years at the IUCN World Conservation Congress to set priorities and agree on the Union’s work programme.IUCN congresses have produced several key international environmental agreements including:the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES),the World Heritage Convention,the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.HeadquartersSwitzerland.

Topic 8: Petersberg Climate Dialogue

Context: The Petersberg Dialogue on Climate Change was held in Berlin recently.

Key details:

COP 28:

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