Topic 1: Ground level Ozone

Context: The ground-level ozone pollution affecting parts of the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR) was lower this year than in the last five years, but the duration of its exceedance was higher, a new analysis has found. 

What is ozone?

Stratospheric Ozone 

Ground-Level Ozone

Health effects of ground-level ozone

Effect on the environment

What types of weather conditions contribute to high ozone?

Topic 2: Flapshell turtles and black turtles

Context: Flapshell and black turtles that were charred to death in a fire that broke out in a wetland in Kasaragod

About flapshell turtle:

Black turtle:

Topic 3: India’s trade momentum

Context: India’s merchandise exports shrunk 12.7% on a year-on-year (YoY) basis to $34.66 billion in April — a six-month low.

Current underlying trends in global trade

How it affected India’s trade?


Topic 4: Higgs boson

Context: Physicists working with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) particle-smasher at CERN, in Europe, reported that they had detected a Higgs boson decaying into a Z boson particle and a photon. This is a very rare decay process that tells us important things about the Higgs boson as well as about our universe.

What is a Higgs boson?

Why is the Higgs boson called the ‘God Particle?’

Significance of Higgs boson:

About the Large Hadron Collider:

Topic 5: Centrally Sponsored Schemes

Context: Nyaya Vikas Portal created for monitoring the implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes

Key details:

What are Centrally sponsored schemes

Difference between central sector schemes and centrally sponsored schemes

Topic 6: India Rankings 2023

Context: Ministry of Education released the India Rankings 2023

 Key details:

1Teaching, Learning & Resources1000.30
2Research and Professional Practice1000.30
3Graduation Outcome1000.20
4Outreach and Inclusivity1000.10

Key Highlights of India Rankings 2023

Topic 7: Commission of Railway Safety

Context: Investigation into the recent tragic train accident in Odisha is being conducted by the Commissioner of Railway Safety for the south-eastern circle.

Key details:

Historical background

Topic 8: Deposit insurance cover for PPIs

Context: Prepaid Payment Instrument (PPI) holders may soon get protection for their money against any fraud or unauthorised payment transactions.

Key details:

What are PPIs?

Who can issue PPI instruments?

What is DICGC?

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