Topic 1: Index funds

Context: Global index providers are reviewing some of the stocks’ inclusion in its indices that are replicated by many foreign portfolio managers after the Hindenburg report.

Index funds

Index funds in India

How are indices made?

Proposal of SEBI

Topic 2: Hallmark Unique Identification (HIUD) number

Context: The sale of gold jewellery will not be allowed without a Hallmark Unique Identification (HUID) number.

What is HUID number?

What is hallmarking?

Topic 3: Compensatory Afforestation in India

Context: As part of its international climate change commitments, India has promised to increase its forest and tree cover to ensure that they are able to absorb an additional amount of 2.5 billion to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030.

What is Compensatory afforestation?

Compensatory Afforestation in India:


Way forward:

Topic 4: Scrub typhus

Context: Scrub typhus is a major public health threat in South and Southeast Asia.

Key details:

About scrub typhus:

Topic 5. India’s labour force and national income data

Context: Two recent sets of data released by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) and the National Statistical Office (NSO) offer insights into the process of structural transformation in the Indian economy, especially in relation to the agriculture and manufacturing sectors.

Key details:

Key findings of the report:

Output vs. Value added

GVA is GVO at current prices minus the value of intermediate consumption

Link with employment

Way forward:

About NSSO and NSO The National Sample Survey(NSS) is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys in diverse fields on All India basis.Primarily data are collected through nation-wide household surveys on various socio-economic subjects, Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), etc.Besides these surveys, NSS collects data on rural and urban prices. The NSS has four Divisions:Survey Design and Research Division (SDRD):This Division, located at Kolkata, is responsible for technical planning of surveys.Field Operations Division (FOD):The Division, with its headquarters at Delhi is responsible for the collection of primary data for the surveys undertaken by NSS.Data Processing Division (DPD):The Division, with its headquarters at Kolkata is responsible for sample selectionsoftware developmentprocessingvalidation and tabulation of the data collected through surveys.Survey Coordination Division (SCD):This Division, located at New Delhicoordinates all the activities of different Divisions of NSS.It also brings out the bi-annual journal of NSS, titled “Sarvekshana.In 2019 the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) merged with the Central Statistical Office (CSO) to form the National Statistical Office (NSO).NSO was first envisaged by Rangarajan Commission.It comes under the statistical wing of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). 

Topic 6. Diseases caused by Pigeons

Context: Recently, the Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) in Maharashtra put up several posters warning people against feeding pigeons in order to spread public awareness about hypersensitive pneumonia, a lung disease which is contracted by living near pigeons.

Key details:

Topic 7. SWAMIH investment fund

Context: The Special Window for Affordable and Mid-Income Housing (SWAMIH) Investment Fund I has raised Rs 15,530 crore so far.

About the fund:

Topic 8. Lokayukta

Context: Ahead of the Assembly Elections in Karnataka, the Lokayukta has seized over Rs 8 crore of unaccounted cash from the residence and office of an MLA.

What is the Lokayukta?


The Lokpal Act of 2013:

Organisational structure:


Qualification and Term of Office

Powers and Functions:

Issues and concerns:

Way forward:

Recommendations to the Government of India:

Other recommendations:


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