Topic 1 : Betelgeuse

Why in news: Betelgeuse, one of the brightest stars in the sky, will be eclipsed by an asteroid named Leona.

About Betelgeuse:

Why in news: A professor of Assam University have claimed that they have discovered some 1500-years-old (8th century) Hindu and Buddhist-influenced sculptures at a hill area near Assam-Mizoram border.

Key details:

Topic 3 : Advocates Amendment Bill

Why in news: The Advocates Amendment Bill, 2023, was passed in the Lok Sabha.

Key details:

The 1879 Act:

Advocates Act of 1961:

The Advocates Amendment Bill, 2023:

Why in news: An ambitious new project — a collaboration between genetic engineering company Colossal Biosciences and the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation — promises to not just bring the dodo back to life, but also re-introduce it in its once-native habitat in Mauritius.

About the dodo:

Why dodos went extinct

The plan to bring the Dodo back:

Why in news: National Automated Fingerprint Identification System (NAFIS) has been established at 1022 locations across the country.

About NAFIS:

Past automation projects:

Topic 6 : Premchand Fellowship

Context: Bhutanese author Tshering Tashi was conferred the Premchand Fellowship of the Sahitya Akademi.

About Premchand Fellowship:

About Sahitya Akademi:

Why in news: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a pair of gene therapies for sickle cell disease, including the first treatment based on the breakthrough CRISPR gene editing technology.

Key details:

Sickle cell disease:

What is CRISPR?

About Casgevy:

About Lyfgenia:

Why in news: Training launch of Short-Range Ballistic Missile ‘Agni-1’ was carried out successfully from APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha recently.

About Agni-1:

What is a ballistic missile?

The Agni Missile system:

Agni-IMRBM700–1,200 kmOperational
Agni-PMRBM1,000-2,000 km  Under development
Agni-IIMRBM2,000–3,500 kmOperational
Agni-IIIIRBM3,000–5,000 km  Operational
Agni-IVIRBM3,500–4,000  kmOperational
Agni-VICBM7,000–8,000 kmOperational
Agni-VIICBM11,000–12,000 kmUnder development

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