Bharatiya Nyay Sanhita for Hit-and-Run Cases

Syllabus :GS 2/Governance/3/Infrastructure

In Context

About the law

Need for the law 

Data Analysis 
– The National Crime Records Bureau recorded 47,806 hit and run incidents which resulted in the deaths of 50,815 people in 2022. 
– Despite a 5% global decrease in road crash deaths, India witnessed a year-on-year increase of 12% in road accidents and 9.4% in fatalities in the same year. 
– With only 1% of the world’s vehicles, India accounts for about 10% of crash-related deaths and incurs an economic loss of 5-7% of its GDP annually due to road crashes.

Reasons for Protest 

Suggestion and Conclusion 


Self Pollination in Parisian Pansies

Syllabus: GS3/Environment

In News

What is Pollination?

Major Concerns of Self Pollination

Why Pollinators are declining?

Do You Know?
– The waggle dance is a fascinating behavior exhibited by honeybees to communicate information about the location of food sources, such as nectar and pollen, to other members of the hive. 
– This dance was first studied and described by Austrian ethologist Karl von Frisch, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973 for his contributions to the understanding of the honeybee’s communication system.

Source: TH

Superconductivity in LK-99

Syllabus:GS3/Science and Technology


What is a superconductor?

Properties of superconductor

Types of superconductors


Source: TH

Revised Pharma Manufacturing Rules

Syllabus: GS2/Health/Governance

In Context


Need for Revising the Guidelines


Pharmaceutical Sector in India
– About: Indian pharmaceutical industry is the 3rd largest pharmaceutical industry in the world by volume with a current market size of around approx. USD 50 Billion.
a. It is widely known as ‘Pharmacy of the World’. 
– Significance & potential:
a. The Indian pharmaceutical industry has played a key role in driving better health outcomes across the world by being a large and reliable supplier of affordable and high-quality generics drugs.
b. The vaccine industry in India has proven its capacity for manufacturing at scale, catering to more than 60% of global vaccine demand. 
c. With a potential to grow up to USD 120-130 billion dollars over the next decade.
– Export:
a. India exports pharmaceuticals to around 200 countries and territories in the world, including highly regulated markets such as the USA, UK, European Union, Canada etc.
 b. India supplies over 50% of Africa’s requirement for generics, ~40% of generic demand in the US and ~25% of all medicine in the UK.
– Imports:
a. However, the country also imports various Bulk Drugs/ APIs for producing medicines from various countries.
1. Most of the imports of the Bulk Drug/APIs being done in the country are because of economic considerations.

Source: TH

Switzerland’s Decision to Eliminate Import Duties

Syllabus: GS3/Economy

In Context

About European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

About India’s Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement (TEPA) with EFTA

How does Switzerland’s Policy Effect India’s Gains under EFTA?


Source: IE

Wastewater Surveillance to Study Diseases

Syllabus: GS2/Health


Vector-borne diseases 

Need of  Wastewater surveillance 


Global Practices

Way Ahead

Source: TH

“The Role of E-fuels in Decarbonising Transport” Report

Syllabus: GS3/Conservation of Environment



Key Findings


How are eFuels produced?

Benefits of e-fuels


Scaling Up E-fuels: Measures to Unleash Potential

Cost Reduction:

Infrastructure Development:

Market Creation and Demand Stimulation:

Regulatory and Policy Framework:

Way Ahead:

Source: IEA

News in Short

Seven products from Odisha get GI Tag

Syllabus: GS1/Culture, GS3/Economy


Kapdaganda shawl

Lanjia Saura Painting

Koraput Kala Jeera Rice

Similipal Kai chutney

Nayagarh Kanteimundi Brinjal

Khajuri Guda

Dhenkanal Magji

What is Geographical Indication (GI)?

Governing laws

GI Tags and India

Source: IE

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Syllabus: Miscellaneous

In Context


Source: PIB

Bio-Imaging Bank

Syllabus: GS 3/Science and Technology

In News

‘Bio-Imaging Bank’

AI’s role in cancer detection

Current Usage :


Future Outlook 


Hedge Funds

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy

In News

About Hedge funds

Source: TH

Sulphur-Coated Urea

Syllabus: GS3/Environment


Benefits of Sulphur-coated urea

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