Topic 1: Samarth Ramdas

Context: The Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) has demanded an “unconditional apology” from a person making the claim that Saint Samarth Ramdas was Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji’s guru, and that it was Ramdas who gave Shivaji his saffron flag.

Who was Samarth Ramdas?

Topic 2: Sovereignty of India

Context: Prime Minister of India alleged that the Congress was “openly advocating” Karnataka’s secession from the Indian Union, by using the phrase ‘sovereignty of Karnataka’.

What does the word ‘sovereignty’ mean?

Relationship of the Indian states with the sovereign Union

What provisions of the Constitution attest to the superior position of the Centre?

Topic 3: Rheumatoid arthritis

Context: Newly synthesised biocompatible drug delivery system combined with anti-inflammatory drugs brings potential solution for rheumatoid arthritis

Key details:

What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?

Topic 4: Project SMART

Context: The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) and Ministry of Railways jointly signed an MoU with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for ‘Station Area Development along Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail’ (Project-SMART).

Key details:

Topic 5: The lack of a drug recall law in India

Context: We have never witnessed domestic or foreign pharmaceutical companies recall substandard or mislabelled drugs in India.

Key details:

Why is there no recall law?

Implications of not recalling substandard drugs:


Topic 6: Regulations to curtail misleading food ads

Context: Recently, the Advertisement Monitoring Committee at the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) flagged 32 fresh cases of food business operators (FBOs) making misleading claims and advertisements.

What are the regulations?

Distinction between ‘natural’ and ‘fresh’:

Distinction between ‘pure’ and ‘original’

Nutritional claims

About FSSAIFood Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.It is headed by a non-executive chairpersonappointed by the Central Government, either holding or has held the position of not below the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.The FSSAI consists of a chairperson & 22 members.The FSSAI functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.Statutory powers:Framing of regulations to lay down food safety standardsLaying down guidelines for accreditation of laboratories for food testingProviding scientific advice and technical support to the Central GovernmentContributing to the development of international technical standards in foodCollecting and collating data regarding food consumption, contamination, emerging risks, etc.Disseminating information and promoting awareness about food safety and nutrition in India.Regulatory frameworkThe Food Safety and Standards Act (FSS), 2006 is the primary law for the regulation of food products.This act also sets up the formulation and enforcement of food safety standards in India.The FSSAI appoints food safety authorities on the state level.

Topic 7: MiG-21

Context: Three civilians were killed after an Indian Air Force (IAF) MiG-21 fighter jet crashed into a house in Rajasthan.

About MiG-21:

Topic 8: Gold rush by central banks

Context: The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) gold reserves touched 794.64 metric tonnes in fiscal 2023, an increase of nearly 5 per cent over fiscal 2022.

Why are these reserves increasing?

Why is the RBI purchasing so much gold?

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