Topic 1: The Third Intifada

Why in news: Hamas has launched thousands of rockets and sent in its fighters into southern Israel. Some observers have referred to the latest escalation as the beginning of the “Third Intifada”.

The conflict

A third Intifada

Topic 2: National Framework for Climate Services

Why in news: Spearheaded by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) India is launching a National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS).

Key details:

Need and significance of NFCS:

Topic 3 : Israel’s Iron Dome

Why in news: The recent attack on  Israel has raised concerns over Israel’s defence system – the Iron Dome.

What is the Iron Dome?

Working of the iron dome:

Topic 4 : The Yom Kippur war

Why in news: The surprise attack by Hamas on Israel has brought back memories of the Yom Kippur war, which started 50 years and a day ago, and reset equations in the Middle East forever.

About the Yom Kippur war:

Significance of the Yom Kippur war

Why is the current violence being compared with the Yom Kippur war?

Why in news: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced that it had carried out a Trajectory Correction Maneuver (TCM) for its spacecraft Aditya L1, to ensure it reaches its destination at the Sun Earth Lagrangian point 1.

Key details:

About Trajectory Correction Maneuvers:

When has ISRO performed TCMs in the past?

About Aditya-L1 Mission:


Topic 6: Gangetic river dolphins

Why in news: A recent publication by scientists and researchers has revealed that 19 Gangetic river dolphins had been rescued from the irrigation canals of the Ganga-Ghagra basin in Uttar Pradesh between 2013 and 2020.

Key findings:

About the Ganges river dolphin

Topic 7: R21/MatrixM malaria vaccine

Why in news: A malaria vaccine, R21/MatrixM was recommended (but yet to be prequalified) by the WHO recently.

Key details:

About Malaria:

According to National Vector-borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) approximately 5 lakh people suffered from malaria (63% were of Plasmodium falciparum) in India.P. falciparum is the world’s most dangerous malaria parasite.

Status of malaria in the world

Status of Malaria in India

Topic 8: UN launches 10 principles to close Asia-Pacific sustainable finance gap

Why in news: A new report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) has put forward 10 principles for action for policymakers, regulators and private finance for mobilising and deploying financing for key UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals, particularly around climate action. 

Key details:

Findings of the report:

About United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP):

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