Centenary of the Vaikom Satyagraha

Syllabus :GS 1/History

In News

About Vaikom Satyagraha

Impacts of the Vaikom Satyagraha



Infrastructure and Connectivity along LAC in Arunachal Pradesh

Syllabus: GS3/Infrastructure; Security Challenges and management in Border Areas


Arunachal Pradesh

– It is the 24th state of the Indian Union, and is located in the northeastern part of the country.
– It is bordered by Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, China to the north and north-east, and the plains of Assam to the south.
– Flora and Fauna: The state bird is the Hornbill, the state animal is the Mithun (Bos Frontalis), and the state flower is the Foxtail Orchid (Rhynchostylis Retusa).
– Highest Peak: The highest peak in the state is Kangto, which stands at 7,090 metres.

Enhanced Connectivity and Development

Boosting Connectivity:

Border Roads Organisation (BRO)
– It was formed in 1960 for coordinating the speedy development of an adequate road communication network of roads in the North and the North-Eastern border regions of the country.
– It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence.

Major Functions:
– Support the armed forces meet their strategic needs by committed, dedicated and cost-effective development and sustenance of the infrastructure.
– Achieve international levels of quality excellence and time consciousness in a diversified sphere of construction activity in a cost-effective manner.
– Optimise potential and expertise through increased involvement in agency, transnational and national development projects.

Enhancing Surveillance:

Associated Challenges

Related Government Initiatives


Source: TH

Association of Democratic Reforms Data on MPs

Syllabus: GS2/Governance


Criminalisation of Politics in India

Major Reasons

The Extent of the Problem: Key Findings of ADR 

Other Key Reasons Highlighted By ADR Earlier:

The Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR):

– It is an apolitical and non-partisan non-profit organisation in India that was established in 1999 by a group of professors from the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad.
– It focuses on corruption and criminalization in the political process, empowerment of the electorate through greater dissemination of information relating to the candidates and the parties etc.

– To improve governance and strengthen democracy through continuous work in the area of Electoral and Political Reforms.

– It has published numerous reports on the criminal backgrounds, financial details, and other relevant information of candidates contesting in various elections.
A. These reports have played a crucial role in promoting transparency and accountability in Indian politics.

Issues of Criminalization of Politics

Measures to Curb Criminalisation

The Legal Framework:

Related Supreme Court Judgement

Conclusion and Way Forward

Source: TH

Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016

Syllabus: GS3/Economy



Advantages Of RERA

Disadvantages Of RERA


Source: IE

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