Topic 1 : Galdan Namchot

Why in news: Ladakh will be all decked up for the annual Galdan Namchot Festival soon.

Key details:

Why in news: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that India is set to launch its first X-Ray Polarimeter Satellite (XPoSat), aiming to investigate the polarisation of intense X-Ray sources. 

About the mission:

Significance of the mission:

Topic 3 : Sovereign AI

Why in news: India is building its own sovereign Artificial Intelligence.

Key details:

The National Data Governance Framework Policy:

How will India regulate AI?

Topic 4 : H9N2 avian flu

Why in news: One of the viruses in circulation in the recent outbreak of a mysterious respiratory illness in China is H9N2, a subtype of the Influenza A virus.

About H9N2:

Signs and symptoms

Treatment protocol

Why in news: November 30 marks the 11th death anniversary of IK Gujaral, the 12th Prime Minister of India.

Key details:

About the Gujral Doctrine:

The five principles were:

Position on Pakistan:

Successes of Gujral Doctrine

Criticism of Gujral Doctrine

Why in news: On the opening day of the COP28 climate conference in Dubai, a loss and damage fund to help vulnerable countries cope with the impact of climate change has been officially launched.

Key details:

What is the loss and damage fund?

How much damage has been caused by industrialisation?

How much loss and damage is the world facing?

How the fund will operate?

Why in news: ‘Sam Bahadur’ movie, made on the life of India’s first Field Marshal, Sam Manekshaw, hits the movie theatres today.

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Why in news: The first of the three ships in a series of eight Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) shallow water crafts were launched recently.

Key details:

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