Topic 1 : Peruvian Ceviche

Why in news: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Adds Peruvian Ceviche To Intangible Cultural Heritage List.

What Is Ceviche?

Why in news: Iftar included in the UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage list

Key details:

Why in news: The draft text on the Santiago Network has been adopted by the Parties and sent to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (COP / CMA).

Key details:

Topic 4 : Climate Change Performance Index

Why in news: India ranked 7th in this year’s Climate Change Performance Index, up one spot from the previous one.

Key details:

Key global findings:

Way forward:

About CCPI

Topic 5 : Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Why in news: Seventy-five years ago, the UN General Assembly approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at a meeting in Paris – laying one of the foundation stones of the international order that emerged following the horrors of World War II.

What is the Universal Declaration?

What did it achieve?

Why in news: European Union reached a provisional deal on the world’s first set of comprehensive laws to regulate the use of artificial intelligence (AI).

About the EU framework

Classification of AI applications:

India’s approach

Topic 7 : Pradhan Mantri-Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM-JANMAN)

Why in news: Recently, the Tribal Affairs Ministry told the Rajya Sabha that the population of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) was not in decline, citing information provided by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (ORGI).

Key details:

Who are the PVTGs?



Why in news: The crime rate may have declined in 2022 (258.1 per lakh population compared to 268 per lakh population in 2021), but crimes against women rose 4% in 2022 compared to 2021, according to the annual report of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released recently.

Nature of the majority of crimes against women:


What does an increase in the registration of crimes against women indicate?

Key laws for women’s safety:


Why in news: Since the time of the Dogra rulers of the erstwhile princely state, successive governments have sought to define the real inhabitants of Jammu and Kashmir.

Evolution of the definition:

1927: Four classes of state subjects of Maharaja Hari Singh

1932: State subjects living abroad, and foreign nationals in J&K

1956: Under the constitution of the erstwhile state of J&K

2003-04: HC order and Mufti govt Bill on status of women residents

After 2019: Relaxing the definition, identifying ‘domiciles’ of the UT

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