Krishna-Godavari Basin

Syllabus: GS1/ Natural resources in India



KG-DWN-98/2 Project
– The offshore KG-DWN-98/2 block is located next to the prolific KG-D6 block of Reliance Industries in the Bay of Bengal. 
– It is located around 35 km from the coast of Andhra Pradesh in water depths of 300-3,200 metres. 
– For the project, ONGC employed a cluster development approach, bunching up the discoveries in three clusters.


Offshore Drilling

Krishna-Godavari basin


Source: IE

Land Ports in India

Syllabus: GS1/ Geography



Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI)
– Established in: 2012 as a statutory body under the LPAI Act, 2010.
– Parent body: Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs, 
– Mandate: LPAI is responsible for developing state-of-the-art infrastructure across its land ports.
a. The facilities include a Cargo Terminal Building, Passenger Terminal Building, Mechanised equipment for cargo handling, security and surveillance across land ports and forex counters.
– With just two land ports under its aegis in 2012, India now has 11 operational land ports across its land borders with Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan.

Land Ports in India

Need of Land Ports in India

Source: AIR

India & UK sign MoU for Bilateral International Cadet Exchange Programme

Syllabus: GS2/International relations



India-UK Relations: A Multifaceted Partnership

Historical Ties:

Political Connections:

Economic Links:

Cultural and Social Dimensions:


Trade and Investment:

Political and Security Tensions:


Way Ahead

Source: TH

Draft Guidelines for Coaching Sector

Syllabus: GS2/Governance

In Context



The Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA)

Source: PIB

Boeing 737 MAX Aircrafts & Safety Issue

Syllabus: GS2/Governance/GS3/Economy

In Context

Aviation Sector in India

Regulation of Aviation Sector in India

Challenges Faced by Indian Aviation Sector

Safety Related Challenges

Industry Related  Challenges


Source: IE

European Union’s Carbon Border Tax 

Syllabus: GS3/Conservation, Environmental Pollution & Degradation


What is Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)?

Significance of CBAM

What are the issues with the CBAM?

Challenges for India w.r.t. CBAM

Options available to India

Conclusion and Way Forward

Source: TH

Karnataka High Court Bans mining around KRS Dam

Syllabus:GS3/Disaster Management



Major threats to dams in India

Dam Safety Act, 2021

Krishnarajasagar (KRS) dam
– The dam is below the confluence of river Kaveri with its tributaries Hemavati and Lakshmana Tirtha, in the Mandya district of Karnataka.
– The dam was built during the period between 1911 to 1932, under the leadership of Sir M Visvesvaraya. 
– It was a dream and vision of the great Maharaja of Mysore, Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV.


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