Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions of Service and Term of Office) Act, 2023

Syllabus: GS2/Polity

In Context



Article 324 of Constitution

Key Features of the CEs and ECs Appointment Act, 2023

Concerns of the Act

Selection Committee is Dominated by the Government: The Selection Committee will consist of the Prime Minister, a Cabinet Minister, and the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha which means majority of members are from the government of the day.

Suggestions for Composition of the Selection Committee

– Goswami Committee (1990): CEC appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice + Leader of Opposition of Lok Sabha.
1- For EC: Appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice + Leader of Opposition of Lok Sabha + CEC. 

– The Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Bill 1990: Chairman of Rajya Sabha + Speaker of Lok Sabha + Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha. 
1- The CEC was further made a part of the consultative process in the appointment of the Election Commissioners.

– National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution Report (2002): Prime Minister + Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha + the Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha + the Speaker of Lok Sabha + the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha. 

– Law Commission (2015): Prime Minister + the Leader of Opposition of Lok Sabha + the Chief Justice.

– Supreme Court (2023): Prime Minister + Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha + Chief Justice.


Source: IE

India and Czech Republic Ties 

Syllabus: GS 2/IR

In News

Key Points 

India-Czech Republic Bilateral Relations

Do you know?
– The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. 
– It is bordered by Poland to the north, Germany to the west, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. 
– Its capital and largest city is Prague. 
– It consists of five main geographic regions: the Bohemian Mountains, the Sudeten Mountains, the Bohemian Basin, the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the Moravian Lowlands.
– It has several major rivers, including the Elbe, Ohre, and Vltava.


Green Hydrogen: Enabling Measures Roadmap for Adoption in India

Syllabus: GS3/Environment and Conservation

In Context

Extraction of Hydrogen

Need for the Transition

Key Highlights of the Report

Five goals that, if met, can accelerate the offtake of green hydrogen in India: 

Initiatives by Government of India for Transitioning towards Green Hydrogen


Source: DTE

5 Years of National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

Syllabus: GS3/Conservation of Environment


About National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

 Five-year status check of the NCAP’s progress

Challenges in implementation 


Implementation Hurdles:

Public Awareness and Behavior Change:

Industrial Compliance and Regulation:

Rapid urbanization and population growth: 

Geographical factors: 


Way Ahead:

Source: IT

Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) Project

Syllabus: GS3/Developments in Science and Technology



Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) Project

Indian contribution

Source: TH

News in Shorts

Kalaram Temple

Syllabus: GS 1/Art and Culture

In News


Source: TH

Agnipath Scheme

Syllabus: GS3/Defence

In News


Source: TH

AKASH-New Generation Missile

Syllabus: GS3/Defence

In Context


Source: News on Air

Coal Controller Organisation (CCO)

Syllabus: GS3/Economy


Restructuring of the CCO
– The Union government formed a four-member panel to review the functions of the Coal Controller’s Office in 2019 to align the organisation with the current scenario in the coal sector reforms.
– The committee had proposed restructuring of the Coal Controller Organisation.

About the Coal Controller Organisation (CCO)

Source: ET

​Henley Passport Index (HPI) 2024 

Syllabus: Miscellaneous


Key Points

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *