Topic 1: Strategic Partnership Council

Why in news: Saudi Arabia and India co-chaired the first summit-level meeting of the India-Saudi Arabia Strategic Partnership Council (SPC).

About the India-Saudi Arabia Strategic Partnership Council

Significance of SPC:

Topic 2: National disaster tag

Why in news: Himachal Pradesh Chief has requested Prime Minister of India to declare the destruction caused by heavy rains in the state a national disaster.

Why the demand:

How are states assisted during natural disasters?

About NDRFThe National Disaster Relief Fund (NDRF) is mentioned in the 2005 Disaster Management Act.SDRFs exist for the states and are the primary funds available to state governments for responses to notified disasters.The Central Government contributes 75% to the SDRF in general states and 90% in northeastern and Himalayan states.The SDRF is to be used only for meeting the expenditure for providing immediate relief to the victims of notified calamities like:cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, fires, floods, tsunamis, hailstorms, landslides, avalanches, cloud bursts, pest attacks and frost/cold waves.The state government is primarily responsible for undertaking rescuerelief and rehabilitation measures in the event of a disaster.These can be supplemented with Central assistance from National Disaster Response Fund, after following the laid down procedure.

About a national calamity:

What is a severe calamity?

How a severe calamity is classified?

How funding is done:

Topic 3: Ancient Red Sea trade route

Why in news: The India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor announced at the G20 Summit harkens to an ancient trade route between the subcontinent and the Roman Empire – the ancient red sea trade route.

About the ancient Red Sea trade route

What was being traded on this route?

Trade from Rome to India

Was there trade on this route before the Common Era?

Organisation of trade:

Roles Indians had in this trade

Comparison with the Silk Road

Topic 4: Special Campaign 3.0

Why in news: Carrying forward the momentum of Special campaign 2.0, the Deptt. of Biotechnology was able to minimize pendency of various matters and hence pushing forward to the Special campaign 3.0.

Key details:

Topic 5: Transformative Programs to Empower Individuals with Disabilities

Why in news: The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) launches Transformative Programs to Empower Individuals with Disabilities

Key details:

Topic 6: IISc develops novel approach to detect, kill cancer cells

Why in news: Indian Institute of Science (IISc) scientists have developed a new approach to potentially detect and kill cancer cells, especially those which form a solid tumour mass.

Key details:

Topic 7: Gresham’s law

Why in news: The law came into play most recently during the economic crisis in Sri Lanka last year, during which the Central Bank of Sri Lanka fixed the exchange rate between the Sri Lankan rupee and the U.S. dollar

Origins of the term

About the law:

Driving out the dollar in Sri Lanka

Limitation of the law:

Topic 8: Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar awards

Why in news: After nearly a year’s delay, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has publicised the list of winners of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (SSB) awards for 2022.

About the awards:

About CSIR The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research was established in 1942 as an autonomous body.CSIR is also among the world’s largest publicly funded R&D organisation.Organisational Structure:President : Prime Minister (Ex-Officio)Vice President : Minister of Science & Technology (Ex-Officio)Governing Body :The Director General is the head of the governing body.The other ex-officio member is the finance secretary (expenditures).Other members’ terms are three years.CSIR Advisory Board :15-member body composed of prominent members from respective fields of science and technology.Its function is to provide S&T inputs to the governing body.Member terms are three years.

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