Topic 1: Terms in news

Topic 2: Compassionate appointment

Context: The Supreme Court rejected some applications for ‘compassionate appointment’ that were filed by the dependents of deceased government employees in West Bengal.

What are compassionate appointments?

The Court also referred to a slew of its rulings from 1989 and 1994 in ‘Sushma Gosain vs. Union of India’ and ‘Umesh Kumar Nagpal vs. State of Haryana’ respectively, to say that there shouldn’t be any delay in compassionate appointments and the same should be “provided immediately to redeem the family in distress”, provided that the government or public authority examines the financial condition of the deceased’s family and is satisfied that “but for the provision of employment, the family will not be able to meet the crisis.”

Topic 3: Least Developed Country

Context: Bhutan becomes the seventh nation to graduate from the United Nations’ (UN) list of Least Developed Countries (LDC).

What is a Least Developed Country (LDC)?

How does a country get off the LDC list?

Challenges faced by LDCs

The Doha Programme of Action


Topic 4: Oscars awards

Context: Oscar awards were held recently.

About the awards:

What is the Academy?

Quote: Agitation is incomplete without the strength of women

Key details:

Topic 5: The rise of the ESG regulations

Context: Over the last decade, regulators and corporations around the world have embraced the idea of ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance).

What is ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance)?

How ESG differs from CSR?

Relevance of ESG for India:

Implications for Indian companies

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