Topic 1: Carbon dating

Context: The Allahabad High Court ordered a “scientific survey”, including carbon dating, of a “Shivling” said to have been found at the Gyanvapi mosque complex in Varanasi.

What is carbon dating?

Limitations of carbon dating:

Radiometric dating:

Cosmogenic nuclide dating:

Topic 2: United Nations Forum on Forests

Context: Discussions on integrated policies on sustainable forest management (SFM) and energy to meet the United Nations-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) took centre stage on the fourth day of the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF18).

About UNFF:

Topic 3: Localization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Context: Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh has become the first city in India to adopt the localisation of the United Nations-mandated sustainable development goals (SDG).

Key details:

Voluntary national review and Voluntary local review:

What is localization of SDGs?

Topic 4: Default bail

Context: The Supreme Court directed lower courts to decide pending default bail applications without relying on its own recent judgment.

Key details:

Which law regulates bail in India?

What is default bail?

Default bail as a fundamental right

When does default bail not apply?

Topic 5: Lost Civilisation found in Bandhavgarh National Park

Context: The Archeological Survey of India has reportedly found the remains of a lost civilisation, a “modern society” that existed in Bandhavgarh National in Madhya Pradesh.

Key details:

Bandhavgarh National ParkBandhavgarh National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh.It was declared a national park in 1968 and then became Tiger Reserve in 1993.Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa captured the first white tiger in this region in 1951.The park derives its name from the most prominent hill of the area, which is said to have been given by Lord Rama to his brother Lakshmana to keep a watch on Lanka (Bandhav = Brother, Garh = Fort).The fort was built by a Gond Dynasty king.The three main zones of the national park are TalaMagdhi and Khitauli.Tala is the richest zone in terms of biodiversity, mainly tigers.

Topic 6: Storm Shadow cruise missiles

Context: The United Kingdom will provide long-range Storm Shadow cruise missiles to Ukraine.

Key details:

Topic 7: Paralakhemundi Light Railway

Context: The Indian Railways has taken up the renovation of the historic Paralakhemundi railway station, one of India’s oldest and the first in Odisha’s Gajapati district.

Paralakhemundi Light Railway (PLR)

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