Topic 1 : Algae-assisted fuel cells

Why in news: IIT Jodhpur’s innovative technology uses algae-assisted fuel cells to capture carbon dioxide, treat wastewater and generate power

What are these algae assisted fuel cells?

Why in news: Researchers in Odisha have discovered a new species of marine amphipod — a shrimp-like crustacea of genus \Demaorchestia— in the state’s Chilika lake on the east coast of India.

Key details:

Topic 3 : UN resolution on Gaza ceasefire

Why in news: India votes in favour of UN resolution demanding Gaza ceasefire.

Key details:

About the UNGA resolution:

Opposition to the resolution:


Why did India abstain from the previous UNGA resolution?

Why in news: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations released a report recently.

Key findings of the report:

Why in news: The term anarcho-capitalist has recently gained popularity with Javier Milei, a self-proclaimed anarcho-capitalist, winning the presidential elections of Argentina.

About Anarcho-Capitalism:

How does it work?

Arguments against anarcho-capitalism: 

Arguments in favour of anarcho-capitalism:

Topic 6 : SC verdict on abrogation of Article 370

Why in news: The Supreme Court gave its verdict on the Union government’s 2019 move to amend Article 370 of the Constitution.

Key details:

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Key aspects of Supreme Court’s Article 370 verdict

About Article 370:

Enactment of Article 370:

Provisions of Article 370

Deletion of Article 370

Significance for the Indian Union

​​​​​​​Arguments in favour of Abrogation of Article 370

Arguments against the repeal of Article 370


Why in news: According to a recent report, DPIs have not just impacted governance but also the private sector, especially startups.

Key details:

What is digital public infrastructure (DPI)? 

Benefits of DPI:  

DPI and Sustainable Development Goals:

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