Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)

Syllabus: GS1/ Geography


About the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC

What if AMOC would collapse?

Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system
– These are the critical threshold for a system that influences the climate and ecology of the planet, indicating the point beyond which that system begins to undergo a large-scale irreversible shift.
– Tipping elements include long-term loss of major ice sheets on Greenland and in Antarctica, large-scale ecosystem shifts for the Amazon rainforest and northern evergreen forests, species loss for coral reefs, shrinking Arctic sea-ice, and potential weakening of the AMOC etc.
a. The collapse of AMOC could have a cascading impact on the stability of other tipping elements and climate systems of the earth.

Source: DTE

Functioning of the 17th Lok Sabha 

Syllabus: GS2/India Polity

In Context


Lok Sabha

Functioning of Lok Sabha

Challenges in the Functioning of the Lok Sabha

Way Ahead

Source: PRS

IITs are overcommitted, in crisis

Syllabus: GS2/Issues relating to Education



Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)



Way Ahead:

Source: TH

Industrialisation in India

Syllabus: GS3/Indian Economy and Issues related to mobilization of resources




Key Achievements

Challenges and concerns


Way Ahead

Source: TH

Mechanisation of Agriculture Sector in India

Syllabus: GS3/Economy, Agriculture

In Context

Growth of Agriculture Sector in India

Mechanisation Trends

The need for Mechanization in Indian Agriculture 

Overview Across States 

Government Initiatives


Source: BL

Farmers demand to Legalise MSP



What is MSP?

Crops Covered

Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP)
– FRP is the minimum price at which the sugar mills purchase sugarcane from farmers.
– The Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs announces the FRP on the recommendations of CACP.

Who decides what the MSP would be and how?

Calculation Formula

Benefits of Minimum Support Price (MSP)

Why is there a demand to legalize MSP?

Issues associated with legalizing MSP 

Way Ahead

Source: IE

Potential of Stem Cells in Menstrual Fluid

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology

In Context


What are Stem Cells? 

What is Stem Cell Therapy?

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