Topic 1 : Bhoot Chaturdashi

Why in news: The day before Diwali is known as Chhoti Diwali Bhoot or Naraka Chaturdashi.

Celebration in different states:

Why in news: The Information & Broadcasting Ministry released the draft Broadcasting Services (Regulation) Bill, 2023.

Key details:

Topic 3 : Community rights and forest conservation

Why in news: The Forest Conservation Amendment Act of 2023 has received limited attention and little discussion about its impact on forests and its inhabitants.

The new amendment to the Act:

Need for the amendment:

Recommendation of JPC:

Stipulation of ‘prior consent’:

What is compensatory afforestation?

How does this affect the Forest Rights Act (FRA)?

Problem areas:

Why in news: The US arm of the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) was hit by a ransomware attack that minimally disrupted trades in the US Treasury market.

1. What is ICBC?

What are ransomware attacks?

What is Lockbit 3.0?

Significance of the recent attack:

Why in news: Recently, a prisoner in Jammu and Kashmir was released on bail after he was tagged with a Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking device to monitor his movements.

What is a GPS tracker:  

Use of such devices:

What is the legal position on the use of this technology in this way?

Why in news: India accounts for 27 per cent of the total TB cases in the world, according to the recently released Global TB Report 2023 by the World Health Organisation.

Key findings of the report:

India’s TB elimination target:

 Pre-pandemic (TB Report 2020)Previous TB Report 2022Present TB Report 2023
Estimated TB cases26.4 lakh29.6 lakh28.2 lakh
Percentage of global burden26%28%27%
Mortality4.36 lakh4.94 lakh3.31 lakh
Percentage of global deaths36%36%26%
Drug-Resistant TB1.16 lakh1.19 lakh1.10 lakh
Percentage of global drug-resistant TB27%26%27%

About Tuberculosis

Why in news: There are 14 villages on the border of Maharashtra and Telangana who have right to vote in both the states.

Key details:

A history of separation

Why in news: Prime Minister of India announced the constitution of a committee soon to empower the Dalit communities and ensure justice for the Madiga community.

Key details:

About the Madigas:

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