India’s Stand on Iran- Israel Conflict

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations



India’s Stand on Iran- Israel Conflict

Significance of the Region for India

Significance of the Region for India

India’s Neutral Stand

Way Ahead

Source: IE

Journey of Baba Saheb Ambedkar

Syllabus :GS 1/History

In  News

The 133 rd Birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was celebrated .

About Bhim Rao Ambedkar

Legacy and Importance in present scenario 

Efforts to Honour him 


Quantum Mechanics 

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology



What is Quantum Mechanics?


Challenges of Quantum Mechanics

Way Ahead

National Quantum Mission (NQM)

– It was conceptualized by the Prime Minister Science Technology Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) with a total outlay of Rs 6003.65 Crore for a period of eight years. 
– The Mission aims to seed, nurture, and scale up scientific and industrial R&D and create a vibrant & innovative ecosystem in Quantum Technology (QT). 
– The Mission aims to establish four Thematic Hubs (T-Hubs) in domains such as,
1. Quantum Computing, 
2. Quantum Communication, 
3. Quantum Sensing & Metrology, and 
4. Quantum Materials & Devices. 

Source: PIB

Global Greenhouse Gas (GHGs) Levels

Syllabus: GS3/Climate Change


About the Carbon Dioxide (CO2):

Global Carbon Dioxide Levels (Current Status):

Global Carbon Dioxide Levels

Global Methane Levels (Current Status):

Global Nitrous Oxide Levels (Current Status):

Impact of Rising Levels:


Do you know

– India submitted its Third National Communication (TNC) and Initial Adaptation Communication to the United Nation’s Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2023.
– India’s net national emissions in 2019 stood at 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), marking a 4.56 per cent increase from 2016 levels and a 115 per cent increase since 1994, according to TNC. 
– Carbon dioxide continues to remain the most emitted GHG, comprising 79 per cent of total emissions in 2019. 
– India’s updated Nationally Determined Contributions are to be implemented over the period of 2021-2030, and they include:
a. Reduction of emissions intensity of its GDP by 45 per cent by 2030 compared to 2005 level 
b. Achievement of 50 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030 

Source: DTE

Electric Mobility Promotion Scheme (EMPS) – 2024

Syllabus: GS2/Government Policy and Interventions; GS3/Infrastructure



– The Ministry of Heavy Industries (erstwhile the Department of Heavy Industry) had launched a scheme, namely Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-I), for promotion of electric and hybrid vehicles with an outlay of Rs.895 crore from 1st April 2015 to 31st March 2019.
– Subsequently, the Department of Heavy Industry formulated Phase II of the scheme with an outlay of Rs.10,000 crore which was subsequently enhanced to Rs.11,500 crore for the period from 1st April, 2019 to 31st March 2024.
– Further, after review of phase II, the Ministry of Heavy Industries formulated the Electric Mobility Promotion Scheme – 2024.

Overview of the Scheme:

Key Features:

Two and Three Wheelers at the Core:

Analysis of  EMPS 2024:


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