Uttarakhand likely to be first state to implement UCC

Syllabus: GS2/Polity


What is Uniform Civil Code (UCC)?

Constitutional Provisions

UCC in India

Arguments in favor of UCC

Arguments against UCC

Way Ahead


South Africa’s case against Israel in ICJ

Syllabus: GS 2/IR

In News

About Issue 

Genocide Convention
– The word “genocide” was first coined by Polish lawyer Raphäel Lemkin in 1944 in his book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe.
a. It consists of the Greek prefix genos, meaning race or tribe, and the Latin suffix cide, meaning killing. 
– The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention) is an instrument of international law that codified for the first time the crime of genocide. 
– It was the first human rights treaty adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948 and signified the international community’s commitment to ‘never again’ after the atrocities committed during the Second World War.

Stand of South Africa

Israel’s  counter the arguments 

International Court of Justice(ICJ )
– It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. 
– It was established by the United Nations Charter, which was signed in 1945 in San Francisco (United States), and began work in 1946 in the Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands).
– The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. 
– Its official languages are English and French.
– Jurisdiction : Only States are eligible to appear before the Court in contentious cases. At present, this essentially means the 193 Member States of the United Nations.
a. The Court has no jurisdiction to deal with applications from individuals, non-governmental organisations, corporations or any other private entity. It cannot provide them with legal advice or help them in their dealings with national authorities.
b. However, a State may take up the case of one of its nationals and invoke against another State the wrongs which its national claims to have suffered at the hands of the latter; the dispute then becomes one between States.
c. The International Court of Justice has no jurisdiction to try individuals accused of war crimes or crimes against humanity. 
d. As it is not a criminal court, it does not have a prosecutor able to initiate proceedings.

Future Outlook 


Growth in Lentil Production in India

Syllabus: GS3/Indian Economy

In Context


Production of Pulses in India

Reasons for Low Production in India

Measures Taken By the Government to Increase Production 

Source: IE

India- United States Trade Policy Forum (TPF)

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations

In Context


India- United States Trade Policy Forum (TPF)

India – USA Trade and Economic Relations 

Dialogue Mechanisms:  


Source: PIB

Global Surgery



What is global surgery?

Global Scenario


Steps taken for Global Surgery

Way ahead

Source: TH

NISAR Satellite 

Syllabus: GS3/Developments in Science and Technology


About the NISAR

Applications of NISAR


Source: DTE

Quantum Computing 

Syllabus: GS3/Developments in Science and Technology


Quantum computing has gained a significant interest in the past decade for its applications in various fields.

About Computing:

Quantum computing:




Initiatives by the Government of India:
– National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications (NM-QTA: The Government of India announced a national mission in the Union Budget of 2020 with a proposed budget of 8000 crores covering all areas of quantum technologies. 
a. It is broadly divided into four verticals:
1. Quantum Computing & Simulations,
2. Quantum Communications, 
3. Quantum Sensing & Metrology, and 
4. Quantum Material & Devices.
– Quantum Computing Applications Lab (QCAL): A joint initiative by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Amazon Web Services (AWS), established in 2023. QCAL provides researchers and developers with access to cloud-based quantum computing resources for experimentation and application development.
– Quantum-enabled Science and Technologies (QuEST): Department of Science and Technology (DST) supports research projects and collaborations in quantum computing through various funding programs like QuEST. 
– I-HUB Quantum Technology Foundation (I-HUB QTF): Department of Science and Technology (DST) also established the I-HUB QTF with participation from research institutions like IISER Pune to foster development and commercialization of quantum technologies.


Source: TH

News in Shorts

Vadnagar (Oldest living city of India)

Syllabus: GS1/Culture


More in news

About Vadnagar
– It was a multicultural and multireligious (Buddhist, Hindu, Jain and Islamic) settlement, currently located in the Mehsana district of North Gujarat, India.
– It is also known by names like Vridhanagar, Anandapur, Anantapur and Nagar.
– It is an L-shaped town with Sharmishtha Lake on its northeastern edge.
– The town represents a continuously evolving historic urban landscape/area which played a major role in the hinterland trade network of Western India.
– World Heritage Site (UNESCO): Vadnagar was added to the tentative list in December 2022.

Source: TH

India’s First National Highway Steel Slag Road 

Syllabus: GS3/Infrastructure


More in news

Steel Slag Road Technology
– It is focused on Waste to Wealth, turning steel industry waste into a valuable resource, contributing to the construction of robust and eco-friendly national highways in India.
a. CSIR-CRRI has implemented steel slag in road construction projects in Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Arunachal Pradesh.
– The 1st road made with this technology in Surat, Gujarat, has become famous for its technological excellence.
– Border Roads Organization (BRO) has constructed a steel slag road in Arunachal Pradesh along with CRRI and Tata Steel on the India-China border.

Source: PIB

Emergency Care in Railways

Syllabus: GS2/Health

In Context

Provision of Emergency Care


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *