Topic 1: International Organisation of Legal Metrology certificates

Why in news: India has become an OIML certificate-issuing authority recently.

What is the OIML?

What is the OIML certificate?

How will this help the Indian economy?

Topic 2: Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)

Why in news: A policy that allowed young undocumented immigrants to live and work in the United States, called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), has been declared illegal by a US court.

What is DACA?

Topic 3: Hindi Diwas                                           

Why in news: September 14 is observed as Hindi Diwas, or Hindi Day, to commemorate the Constituent Assembly of India making Hindi the official language of the Union government.

What the Constitution said on official language:

Hindi’s reach in numbers

The status of English in India

Topic 4: Saudi Arabia and India relations

Why in news: The relationship between New Delhi and Riyadh has been improving steadily.

Key details:

Evolution of Indo-Saudi ties:

Pillars of the relationship

Topic 5: The idea of fraternity in India

Key details:

The Indian context

Origins of the concept

The limits to fraternity


Topic 6: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Why in news: World Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Day observed by Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD)

Key details:

About Duchenne muscular dystrophy:

Topic 7: National Judicial Data Grid

Why in news: The Supreme Court recently onboarded its case data on the National Judicial Data Grid.

What is the National Judicial Data Grid?

Who runs the NJDG?


Topic 8: Expansion of Ujjwala Yojana

Why in news: Cabinet approves expansion of Ujjwala Yojana

Key details:

About Ujjwala Yojana

Women’s ease of living through clean cooking

Initiatives to expand LPG coverage

Topic 9: Divya Kalamela

Why in news: Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan)  organizes unique event – Divya Kala Mela’.

Key details:

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