Inter-Governmental Framework Agreement

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations



What is IMEC?


Source: PIB

India’s Atmospheric Research Testbed 

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology



Atmospheric Research Testbed (ART)

Why is ART Established in Madhya Pradesh?

Significance of Data about Monsoons over Central India

Source: IE

Vocal For Local Initiative To Promote Grassroots Entrepreneurship

Syllabus: GS3/Economy



Vocal for Local initiative

Benefits of Vocal For Local Initiative

The Aspirational Blocks Programme (ABP)

Government e-Marketplace (GeM)

– GeM is the Public Procurement Portal for procurement of goods and services for all Central Government and State Government Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Units (PSUs) and affiliated.
– GeM endeavors to make the public procurement process transparent, efficient and inclusive.
– It is a 100 percent government owned company set up under the aegis of Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
– It provides the tools of e-bidding, reverse e-auction and demand aggregation to facilitate the government users

Open Network for Digital Commerce (ONDC)

– ONDC is a network based on open protocol and will enable local commerce across segments, such as mobility, grocery etc to be discovered and engaged by any network-enabled application.
– It is an initiative of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
– Objective: The platform aims to create new opportunities, curb digital monopolies and by supporting micro, small and medium enterprises and small traders and help them get on online platforms.

Source: AIR

Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: UN Report

Syllabus: GS2/Social Justice: Vulnerable Sections: Children



Major Highlights of the Report

Child Mortality in India: Status and Trends

Major Causes of Child Mortality in India

Measures to Reduce Child Mortality

Improving Maternal Health

Combating Childhood Illnesses

Addressing Malnutrition

Public Awareness

Additional Measures

Way Ahead

Source: DTE

MoU between India and Bhutan

Syllabus: GS2/India and its Neighbourhood Relations



Expected Benefits of MoU

India-Bhutan Relations: An Overview

Major Areas of Cooperation

Hydropower Cooperation

Bilateral Trade

Border Management

Water Resource Management

Educational and Cultural Cooperation

ITEC Training Programme Scheme


Measures Needed

Strengthening Economic Cooperation: India can invest in infrastructure development, tourism, and other sectors to diversify Bhutan’s economy and reduce its dependence.

Way Forward

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