Topic 1 : USS Dwight D Eisenhower

Why in news: US Defence Secretary announced that the nuclear-powered USS Dwight D. Eisenhower Carrier Strike Group (CSG) has been directed to move to the Eastern Mediterranean

Why has the US deployed its carriers close to the Israel-Hamas conflict?

About the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower:

Why in news: The 2023 Nobel Peace Prize winner Narges Mohammadi gave a quote — “Women will not give up. We are fuelled by a will to survive, whether we are inside prison or outside”.

About the quote:

Who is Narges Mohammadi?

Iran and the struggle for women’s rights

Why in news: ‘Reinforcing Indian Ocean Identity’ was the banner theme at the Indian Ocean Rim Association’s (IORA) Council of Ministers (COM) held in Colombo recently.

About IORA:

Significance of the Indian Ocean Region:

Focus of IORA:

Why in news:  The case of a married woman who is 26 weeks pregnant has approached the Supreme Court seeking to terminate her pregnancy citing inability to take care of the child due to post-partum depression and other health issues, has once again put spotlight on abortion laws in India.

Key details:

The MTP Act:

How is the 2021 law different from the earlier 1971 MTP Act?

Global trend on abortion laws

Is a foetus a living being? What does the law say?

Observations by the CJI-headed Bench

Way forward

Why in news: Bihar’s only wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, the Kawar lake lies neglected and is on the brink of drying up.

Key details:


Problems faced by the Kawar Lake:

More about Kawar lake:

Why in news: The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has stepped in to direct its officers to not carry out scrutiny of angel tax provisions for start-ups recognised by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

What Is Angel Tax?

Justification For The Angel Tax

The new tax directive on start-ups

What is angel tax for start-ups ?

What were the changes for angel tax in Budget 2023-24?

Why in news: Hamas, a Palestine-based terrorist group, launched an attack on Israel, killing hundreds of civilians and taking many hostage.

The laws of war

Do the laws of war apply to the ongoing military conflict?

What about civilian killings?

The case of hostage-taking:

The Gaza Strip blockade

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