Topic 1 : Operation Jericho

Context: The use of air power in Mizoram in 1966 has become a hot topic of discussion after Prime Minister mentioned it in the Lok Sabha while replying to the no confidence motion.

Key details:

Government’s response

Context: An alternative passage for Ukraine’s grain after Russia withdrew from the Black Sea grain deal is a new trade route, the Sulina Channel.

Key details:

About the channel:

Topic 3 : Bilateral Naval Maritime Partnership Exercise

Context: Indian Navy Participates In Bilateral Naval Maritime Partnership Exercise With UAE Navy

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Topic 4 : Government’s plan on merging Environmental organisations

Context: The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) issued a notification quietly walking back on its move to establish integrated regional offices by merging offices of the Forest Survey of India (FSI), the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB), and the Central Zoo Authority (CZA), and thus bring them under the Ministry.

Key details:

The new notification

Way forward:

Context: The Supreme Court is set to hear on August 18, petitions challenging the Patna High Court (HC)’s verdict upholding the Bihar government’s ongoing caste survey.

What is the ‘caste-based survey’?

Need for a caste census

Why is it being challenged?

Topic 6 : PM e-Bus Seva Scheme

Context: The union cabinet approved ‘PM-eBus Sewa’ for augmenting city bus operation under which 10,000 e-buses will be deployed across cities in the country.

Key  details:

Key features:

Context: Prime Minister of India said in his Independence Day address that in the first five-year term of his government, 13.5 crore of poor people have broken free from the chains of poverty and entered the new middle class.

Key details:

About Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

How does this reduction in poverty (13.5 crore in the period between the two NFHS rounds) compare with India’s past record?

How has poverty been estimated in India traditionally?

Impact on India’s middle class

Context: There is a new COVID variant: EG.5, also known as Eris.

Key details:

Context: India, in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), will launch the Global Initiative on Digital Health as part of the ongoing G-20 summit in Gandhinagar.

Key details:

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