Topic 1: Cheetah helicopter

Context: Two pilots were killed after a Cheetah helicopter of the Indian Army crashed in Arunachal Pradesh.

About Cheetah helicopter:

Topic 2: The President’s colour award

Context: President of India presents President’s colour to INS Dronacharya.

About the award:

INS Dronacharya:INS Dronacharya is the gunnery school of the Indian Navy.It is located in KochiKerala.INS Dronacharya is entrusted with the training of officers and sailors of the NavyCoast Guard and friendly foreign maritime forces on all aspects of gunnery and missile warfare.The unit is also the nodal centre for training of Sagar Prahari Bal and Navy’s centre for training in constabulary operations for several Indian Ocean Region (IOR) Nations.The unit is also the training authority for drill and ceremonials in the Navy and Coast Guard.INS Dronacharya was designated as the Centre for Excellence in Gunnery and Missile Warfare in 2004.The unit is affiliated with the Indian Army School of Artillery in the spirit of jointmanship.


Context: A P8I aircraft of the Indian Navy arrived at Guam, USA on 14 Mar 23 to participate in ‘Exercise Sea Dragon 23’.

Key details:

Topic 4: Zoji La Pass and Razdan Pass

Context: Border Roads Organisation opens strategic Zoji La Pass and Razdan Pass.

Key details:

The Border Roads OrganisationThe Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is a road construction executive force that is a part of the Indian Armed Forces.BRO develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighboring countries.The organisation’s operations are spread across IndiaBhutanMyanmarTajikistan, and Afghanistan and Sri  Lanka.This includes infrastructure operations in 19 states and three union territories (including Andaman and Nicobar Islands).The BRO was formed in 1960 to secure India’s borders and develop infrastructure in remote areas of the north and north-east states.The BRO consists of:Border Roads Wing under the Ministry of Defense andThe General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF).Officers are selected through the Indian Engineering Services (IES) Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).Few officers are also deputed from Indian Army Corps of Engineers.They are subjected to all provisions of the Army Act, 1950 and Army Rules, 1954 except a few exceptions.

Topic 5: Deep Ocean Mission

Context: Minister for State  for Ministry of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences informed Lok Sabha that Deep Ocean Mission would not result in any over exploitation of the marine resources by the corporate houses and will not affect the life and livelihoods of fishers in the country.

Key details:

Why are polymetallic nodules important for India?India has been allotted a site of 75,000 square kilometres in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) by the UN International Sea Bed Authority for exploitation of polymetallic nodules (PMN).It is envisaged that 10 per cent of recovery of that large reserve can meet the energy requirement of India for the next 100 years.It has been estimated that 380 million metric tonnes of polymetallic nodules are available at the bottom of the seas in the Central Indian Ocean.India’s Exclusive Economic Zone spreads over 2.2 million square kilometres and in the deep sea, lies unexplored and unutilised


Environmental impact

Is deep sea mining economically viable?


Topic 6: Atal Jyoti Yojana

Context: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy informed the Lok Sabha about the progress of Atal Jyoti Yojana.

About the Scheme:

Topic 7: Saubhagya Electrification Scheme

Context: Minister of Power and New and Renewable Energy informed that under the scheme a total 2.86 crore households have been electrified.

About the scheme:

Issues with rural electrification

Topic 8: Lakhpati Didi scheme

Context: In a historic step to make Lakhpati Didis from the Self Help Groups (SHGs), Ministry of Rural Development signs MoU with Ministry of Ayush for skilling of rural youth and empowering women

About the scheme:

Topic 9: Jarracharra

Context: Australia’s High Commissioner visits Jarracharra: Dry Season Wind Exhibition of Australian Textiles at National Crafts Museum.

Key details:

Topic 10: Desalination

Context: Stepping up from its ongoing initiative of providing potable water on six islands of Lakshadweep using low temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) technology, the Chennai-based National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) is working at making this process free of emissions.

Key details:

What is desalination?

Desalination processes

Key issues with desalination:


Desalination in IndiaIn India, Tamil Nadu has been the pioneer in using this technology, setting up two desalination plants near Chennai in 2010 and then 2013.The other states that have proposed these plants are Gujarat, which has announced to set up a 100 MLD RO plant at the Jodiya coast in Jamnagar district.Andhra Pradesh, too, has plans of setting up a plant.

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