Topic 1: Vagus nerve

Why in news: Research has indicated a link between vagus nerve dysfunction and long COVID.

What is the vagus nerve?

What are the conditions vagus nerve stimulation can treat?


Topic 2: Analysing where India stands in the G20

Why in news: The country’s performance in recent decades across select socioeconomic metrics has been poor compared to its fellow G20 members

Key details:

Topic 3: Bhoj wetland

Why in news: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) pulled up the Madhya Pradesh government over the very drastic damage to water bodies and ordered it to stop the operation of cruise vessels as well as other motor-propelled boats in the Bhoj wetland.

Key details:

About the Wetland:

About NGTThe National Green Tribunal was established in 2010, as per the National Green Tribunal Act.It is a specialised judicial body equipped with expertise solely for the purpose of adjudicating environmental cases in the country.The Tribunal is tasked with providing effective and expeditious remedy in cases relating to environmental protectionconservation of forests and other natural resources and enforcement of any legal right relating to environment.The Tribunal’s orders are binding and it has power to grant relief in the form of compensation and damages to affected persons.Composition:The Tribunal has a presence in five zones-North, Central, East, South and West.The Principal Bench is situated in the North Zone, headquartered in Delhi.The Tribunal is headed by the Chairperson.It has at least ten but not more than twenty judicial members and at least ten but not more than twenty expert members.

Topic 4: Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions of Service and Term of Office) Bill, 2023

Why in news: The special session of Parliament scheduled will witness the discussion on the Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions of Service and Term of Office) Bill, 2023.

Key details:

The SC ruling

How does the new Bill change the 1991 Act?

Topic 5: M Visvesvaraya

Why in news: September 15 is marked as the birthday of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (1861-1962), credited for his role as a civil engineer and administrator in colonial India.

Early life

His significant works


Contribution in Educationafield:

Topic 6: The Maratha quota demand

Why in news: A Maratha activist broke his 17-day fast demanding reservation for the community in jobs and education.

Who are the Marathas?

What has triggered the current phase of agitation?

The Supreme Court judgment:

Opposition from OBCs:

Topic 7: Monoclonal Antibody

Why in news: India has reached out to Australia seeking to restock monoclonal antibody doses to combat the Nipah virus.

About monoclonal antibody:

What are antibodies?

How Monoclonal antibodies work:

What diseases are they used for?

Topic 8: U.S. Commission for International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)

Why in news: The U.S. Commission for International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has announced that it will hold a hearing on religious freedom in India.

Key details:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *