Strategic Military Infrastructure Upgrade in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Syllabus: GS3/Infrastructure; Island Development


Andaman & Nicobar Islands

– Location: They are a group of islands of India, located in the Bay of Bengal.
– Extent: These islands form an arcuate chain (convex to the west) and extend from 6° 45′ N to 13° 41′ N and from 92° 12′ E to 93° 57′ E.Major Islands in the Group: It is composed of more than 500 big and small islands, which are divided into two distinct groups of islands – The Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands.
a. There are 836 islands/islets/rocky outcrops, of which 31 are inhabited.
– The islands are divided into 3 districts and 9 tehsils.

Geostrategic Significance of Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

Economic Potential:

Strategic Military Infrastructure Upgrade:

Major Challenges and Issues


Source: IE

Nuclear Safety Concerns over  Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station

Syllabus: GS3/Disaster Management



Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station 

Nuclear Disasters

Concerns Related to Nuclear Disasters

Safety Measures to Prevent a Nuclear Disaster

International Regulatory Framework for Preventing Nuclear Disasters

Regulation in India

– Activities concerning establishment and utilisation of nuclear facilities and use of radioactive sources are carried out in India in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Atomic Energy Act, 1962.
– The environment protection aspects are governed by the Environmental Protection Act, 1986.
– The regulations for radiation protection aspects are as governed by the Radiation Protection Rules, 1962. 
– Safety aspects in mining and milling of prescribed substances are governed by the Mines Minerals Prescribed Substance Rules, 1984. 
– Safe waste disposal is ensured by implementation of the Atomic Energy Safe Disposal of Radioactive Waste Rules, 1987.

Source: IE

Surge in Steel Imports

Syllabus: GS 3/Economy

In News 

About the Steel Sector 


Related Steps


Conclusion and Way Forward 


The ‘Import Restrictions’ on Solar PV Cells

Syllabus: GS3/Renewable Energy


Solar Photovoltaic Cells

Current Scenario

Do You Know?

– India has set an enhanced target at the COP26 of 500 GW of non-fossil fuel-based energy by 2030.
a. It is part of the world’s largest expansion plan in renewable energy.
– India’s installed non-fossil fuel capacity has increased 396% in the last 8.5 years and stands at more than 190.97 GW (including large Hydro and nuclear), about 44% of the country’s total capacity (as of Feb 2024).

Solar Energy:

– The installed solar energy capacity has increased by 30 times in the last 9 years and stands at 75.57 GW as of Feb 2024.
– India’s solar energy potential is estimated to be 748 GWp as estimated by National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE).
– Earlier, India had pledged a target of installing 175 GW of renewable energy of which 100 GW from solar energy by 2022.
a. It consists of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Large and Medium Scale Grid Connected Solar Power Projects.

Government Initiatives To Support Domestic Manufacturing

What is the ALMM?

– The ALMM list consists of manufacturers who are eligible for use in Government Projects / Government Assisted Projects / Projects under Government Schemes & Programmes.
– It consists two lists:
a. LIST-I: For Solar PV Modules and;
b. LIST-II: For Solar PV Cells.

Why was the ALMM implemented?
– It was implemented to ensure that the products used in solar PV power installations, which are generally set up for a period of 25 years, are indeed made in units in which production has been claimed.
– The reliability of the producer is essential to protect consumer interests and ensure larger energy security of the country.

Future of Solar Energy in India

Source: TH

News in Short

Gudi Padwa

Syllabus: GS1/Culture


About the Gudi Padwa


Source: TH

Ural River

Syllabus: GS1/Geography


About the Ural River

Economic Importance

Source: TOI

Girl Empowerment Mission (GEM)

Syllabus: GS1/Society



Corporate Social Responsibility

– It is a self-regulating business model that helps a company be socially accountable to itself, its stakeholders, and the public. 
– CSR can help improve society and promote a positive brand image for companies.
– CSR includes four categories: environmental impacts, ethical responsibility, philanthropic endeavors, and financial responsibilities.
– In India, Enactment of Companies Act, 2013 by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, introduced the CSR as a mandatory provision by imposing statutory obligation on Companies to take up CSR projects towards social welfare activities. 

Source: PIB

Peter Higgs:  Physicist behind Higgs Boson Particle

Syllabus: GS 3/S&T

In News

About Peter Higgs



Do you know ?

– According to modern physics, matter consists of a set of particles that act as building blocks. 
– Between these particles lie forces that are mediated by another set of particles.
a. A fundamental property of the majority of particles is that they have a mass

Source: TH

Lavender Cultivation 

Syllabus: GS 3/Economy/Environment 

In News

About Lavender 



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