Topic 1 : Valparai plateau

Why in news: With the annual migration season of elephants nearing its peak in the Valparai plateau, the Forest Department, non governmental organisations like the Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) and residents of the hill station are all prepared to ensure free movement of the pachyderms.

Key details:

About Valparai Plateau:

Topic 2 : Exercise Astrashakti

Why in news: India has demonstrated the firepower of its Akash surface-to-air (SAM) weapon system during the Air Force Exercise Astrashakti 2023.

Key details:

About Akash missile system:

Topic 3 : Surat Diamond Bourse

Why in news: Prime Minister of India will inaugurate the newly-built Surat Diamond Bourse (SDB) in Gujarat.

Key details:

More about the project:

Why in news: An actor recently passed away from the acute effects of ketamine.

About ketamine:

How is ketamine consumed?

Effects of ketamine:

Why in news: After being passed in the Rajya Sabha, the Post Office Bill, 2023, was brought to the Lok Sabha for consideration.

Key provisions of the Bill:

Topic 6 : Selecting Election Commissioners

Why in news: Recently, the Rajya Sabha passed The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners (Appointment, Conditions of Office and Terms of Office) Bill, 2023.

Key details:

What does the Constitution say?

Ruling of the Supreme Court:

The proposed law:

Best practices globally:

Way forward:

Why in news: The European Union’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) Act is a significant legislative initiative aimed at regulating artificial intelligence technologies within the EU.

Key details:

The strengths of the Act


Potential implications

Administration of the Act:


Why in news: Idiom such as ‘Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole’, have often been invoked in debates.

Key details:

What doles mean and why they are given out?

Relevance in Indian context:

The Indian state is seen as a largely welfarist state, and Article 38 of the Constitution also says, “The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justicesocialeconomic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.”

Criticism of doles:

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