National Framework of Climate Services (NFCS)

Syllabus: GS1/Geography

In Context


What is Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)? 

About NFCS

Need of NFCS

About IMD
– It is the National Meteorological Service of the country and the principal government agency in all matters relating to meteorology and allied subjects established in 1875.
– Ministry:  Ministry of Earth Sciences.
– Functions: To take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological information.
A. To warn against severe weather phenomena like tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heavy rains and snow, cold and heat waves, etc.
B. To provide meteorological statistics required for agriculture, water resource management, industries, oil exploration and other nation-building activities.
C. To conduct and promote research in meteorology and allied disciplines.

Source: HT

Understanding the Tenth Schedule

Syllabus: GS2/Indian Polity and Governance


What is Defection?

Defections in India

Anti-Defection Law (ADL)

Deciding Authority

Constitutional and Statutory Provisions for Disqualification

Significances of ADL

Criticisms around the ADL

Suggestions by different Committees on ADL

Related SC Judgement

Way Forward

Source: TH

India -China Border Issue

Syllabus: GS3/Internal Security

In Context


The India-China Borders 

Why did China Encroach on Indian Territory?

Way Forward

Source: TH

India Acquires Lithium Blocks in Argentina



More about the News

– It was formed in 2019 as a joint venture of state-run miners NALCO, HCL and MECL to source strategic minerals such as lithium and cobalt etc. from abroad. 
– KABIL carries out identification, acquisition, exploration, development, mining and processing of strategic minerals overseas for commercial use and meeting the country’s requirement of these minerals.



Global Reserves

Lithium in India

Mineral Security Partnership (MSP)
– It is a US-led collaboration of 14 countries that would focus on the supply chains of minerals such as Cobalt, Nickel, Lithium, and also the 17 ‘rare earth’ minerals.
– Members: Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Norway, Sweden, the UK, U.S., and the EU. 
– Mandate: To catalyze public and private investment in critical mineral supply chains globally. It directly addresses four major critical minerals challenges:   
A. Diversifying and stabilizing global supply chains; 
B. Investment in those supply chains; 
C. Promoting high environmental, social, and governance standards in the mining, processing, and recycling sectors; and 
D. Increasing recycling of critical minerals. 

Source: BL

North Korea tested solid-fuel missiles

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology


What is Solid-Fuel Technology?

Advantages of solid fuel

warheads or decoys to confuse the enemy’s radars and sensors.

Why is North Korea developing them?

Missiles launched by North Korea 
– Hwasong-17: This ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) successfully test-fired in 2022, showcasing North Korea’s progress in developing long-range solid-fuel missiles.
– Hwasong-18: Another ICBM test-fired in 2023, potentially marking a further advancement in their solid fuel capabilities.

Source: TOI

News in Shorts

Thiruvalluvar Day

Syllabus: GS1/Indian History; Culture



Who is Thiruvalluvar?

Social Influence

Source: TH

Vijay Raghavan Committee 

Syllabus: GS 3/Defence

In Context

About Committee 

Major Recommendations


Model-based algorithm lending

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy

In News 

The Reserve Bank of India is closely examining the risks that can emerge from model-based algorithm lending, which led to the surge in unsecured loans, 

About Model-based algorithm lending


MPLADS e-SAKSHI Mobile Application

Syllabus: GS2/Governance

In Context


About MPLAD Scheme

Source: PIB

National Essential Diagnostics List

Syllabus: GS2/Policy Interventions; Health


About the National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL):

Criteria for proposing additional tests: 

About ICMR:
– It is the apex body in India for formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research
– It conducts, coordinates and implements medical research for the benefit  of the Society.
– It translates medical innovations into products/processes and introduces them into the public health system.

Source: TH

Punganur Cows

Syllabus:GS3/Species in news


About Punganur cows

Source: IE

Kachchhi Kharek

Syllabus: GS3/ Economy

In News


Geographical Indication (GI) Tag

Source: TH

Best FIFA Football Awards 2023

Syllabus: MIscellaneous 



The Best FIFA Football Awards


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *