Topic 1: Same sex marriage and civil union in India

Context: The CJI clarified that the hearing of a batch of petitions seeking legal recognition of same sex marriage scope would be limited to developing a notion of a “civil union” that finds legal recognition under the Special Marriage Act.

What is a civil union?

Arguments against same-sex marriage

Arguments in favour of same-sex marriage

The Government’s Opposition to Same-Sex Marriage

The Way Forward For India

Topic 2: National Health Claims Exchange (HCX)

Context: National Health Authority (NHA) invites participation on the ‘National Health Claims Exchange (HCX)-Sandbox’ under Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)

Key details:

The National Health Authority

The National Health AuthorityThe National Health Authority (NHA) has been constituted as an autonomous entity under the Society Registration Act, 1860 for effective implementation of PM-JAY in alliance with state governments.The State Health Agency (SHA) is the apex body of the State Government responsible for the implementation of AB PM-JAY in the StatePradhan Mantri Jan Arogya YojanaThe Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) popularly known as Ayushman Bharat was launched in 2018.It aims to secure the lives of 50 crore individuals that comprises of 10.74 cr poor families including both rural and urban areas with a defined benefit cover of Rs 5 lakh per family.The scheme covers over nearly 40% of the population targeted towards poorest and the vulnerableAyushman Bharat Digital MissionThe mission will create a seamless online platform through the provision of a wide-range of datainformation and infrastructure services, duly leveraging open, interoperable, standards-based digital systems.It will enable access and exchange of longitudinal health records of citizens with their consent.Key components of Ayushman Bharat Digital MissionHealth ID for every citizen that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application.Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR) and Healthcare Facilities Registries (HFR) that will act as a repository of all healthcare providers across both modern and traditional systems of medicine.

Topic 3: Sangathan se Samriddhi

Context: Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission launches National Campaign “Sangathan se Samriddhi”.

Key details:

DAY-NRLMDeendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) is the flagship program of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD).Aim:promoting poverty reduction through building strong institutions for the poor, particularly women, andenabling these institutions to access a range of financial services and livelihoods.National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) is a restructured version of Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY).NRLM was renamed as DAY-NRLM (Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission) in 2016.

Topic 4: Latest developments in Yemen

Context: Hundreds of prisoners captured during the war in Yemen were reunited with their families amid diplomatic efforts to halt the conflict.

The prisoner swap:

The Stockholm Agreement

How did the war in Yemen begin?

How has this affected Yemen?

Topic 5: TeLEOS-2 satellite

Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch Singapore’s TeLEOS-2 satellite.

Key details:

Earth Observation SatellitesAn Earth observation satellite also called Earth remote sensing satellite is a satellite designed for Earth observation (EO) from orbit.Applications:WeatherEnvironmental monitoringMappingGeostationary orbit:geostationary orbit allows a satellite to hover over a constant spot on the earth.The orbital period at this altitude is 24 hours.This allows uninterrupted coverage of more than 1/3 of the Earth per satellite.Three satellites, spaced 120° apart, can cover the whole Earth except the extreme polar regions.This type of orbit is mainly used for meteorological satellites.

Topic 6: Nagaland’s municipal tightrope

Context: The Neiphiu Rio-led Nagaland government repealed the Nagaland Municipal Act of 2001 which led to the cancellation of the State Election Commission’s notification for holding elections to Nagaland’s 39 urban local bodies (ULBs) with 33% of the seats reserved for women.

Opposition to ULB polls

Have such polls ever been held in Nagaland?

Government’s stand

Way forward

Article 371AArticle 371 of the Constitution includes “special provisions” for 11 states, including six states of the Northeast.Article 371A (13th Amendment Act, 1962), Nagaland:This provision was inserted after a 16-point agreement between the Centre and the Naga People’s Convention in 1960, which led to the creation of Nagaland in 1963.Parliament cannot legislate in matters of:Naga religion or social practices,Naga customary law and procedure,administration of civil and criminal justice involving decisions according to Naga customary law, andownership and transfer of land without concurrence of the state Assembly.

Topic 7: Carbon offsetting

Context: Offsets have come under fire as a way for companies to compensate for carbon emissions through eco projects elsewhere.

How does offsetting work?

Problems with offsetting

Offsetting in practice


Topic 8: Mt. Annapurna

Context: Two Indian climbers were rescued from Mt. Annapurna in Nepal.

Key details:

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