Swaminathan Panel Recommendations

Syllabus: GS3/Agriculture



Major Findings/Recommendations

Source: IE

Russia Tests Anti-Satellite Weapon

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology


What are anti-satellite weapons?

Space weapons in the past

Why has space emerged as the new battlefield?

Outer Space Treaty (OST)

Mission Shakti
– Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in 2019 successfully neutralized a satellite in space with its anti-satellite (ASAT) missile in Mission Shakti.
– The satellite downed by the ASAT missile was Microsat-R, an imaging satellite in the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) at 300 km in space.
– Significance: Anti-satellite weapons provide the capability to shoot down enemy satellites in orbit thereby disrupting critical communications and surveillance capabilities. 
A. ASAT missiles also act as a space deterrent in dissuading adversaries from targeting the country’s satellite network.

Source: TH

Lakshadweep’s Maritime Potential

Syllabus: GS3/Economy


Lakshadweep Archipelago

Strategic Importance

Lakshadweep: A logistics hub 

Tourism Potential


Way Ahead

Kochi-Lakshadweep islands submarine optical fiber connection (KLI-SOFC)
– The project is funded by Universal Services Obligation Fund (USOF), Department of Telecommunication.
– The dedicated submarine OFC will ensure a paradigm shift in communication infrastructure in the Lakshadweep islands, enabling faster and more reliable internet services, telemedicine, e-governance, educational initiatives, digital banking, digital currency usage, digital literacy etc.

Source: TH

Survival Chances of Cheetah in India

Syllabus: GS3/Environment and Biodiversity; Wildlife


About Cheetah (Acinonyx Jubatus):

Cheetah in India (Asiatic):

Kuno Palpur National Park
– It was established in 1981 as a Wildlife Sanctuary.
A. In 2018, it was given the status of a National Park. 
– Kuno Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary is underway to become India’s second home for the Asiatic lion. 
Why was it selected for Cheetah?
– Amongst the 10 surveyed sites of the central Indian states, Kuno Palpur National Park has been rated the highest.
A. It is because of its suitable habitat and adequate prey base.
– Kuno is probably the only wildlife site in the country where there has been a complete relocation of villages from inside the park.
– It offers the prospect of housing four big cats of India – tiger, lion, leopard and cheetah – and allowing them to coexist as in the past.

Role Played by Cheetah

Threats to Cheetah:

Government’s Efforts:

Source: IE

India’s Economic Policy Agenda

Syllabus: GS3/Indian Economy


Status of India’s Economy at Present

Current Policies to Boost India’s Economy

Emerging Challenges

Future Outlook:

Source: IE

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