Northeastern India: Historical Linkages 

Syllabus :GS1/Geography /GS2/Governance

In News 

About North Eastern Region (NER)

Historical Linkages :Pre Independence 
– The extant identity of Northeast India as a region has evolved over the years following the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826 between the British and the Burmese. 
– In 1874, Assam became a separate province under the control of a commission.
– In 1919 Assam was brought under the rule of the Governor according to the Government of India Act 1919. 
Post Independence 
– By the 1960s, national security concerns were heightened. 
A. India lost a border war with China in 1962, with the Chinese entering all the way into Assam, and the movement for Naga independence was in full swing.
– India and Pakistan fought a war in 1965, and the Mizo rebellion began the following year. 
– The shape of Northeast India formed during the colonial period largely continued to exist until the 1960s with the formation of Nagaland State and Reorganisation of Assam in the 1970s
– In December 1971, two laws — the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act and the North-Eastern Council Act — were enacted by Parliament.
A. Four states of Northeast India emerged from the state of Assam – Nagaland in 1963, Meghalaya in 1972, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram in 1987 (they became Union Territories in 1972). 
B. Two of them – Manipur and Tripura were princely states during the colonial period. 
C. Arunachal Pradesh existed in the form of an administrative unit known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA)
D. Sikkim was a country prior to joining India as a state in 1975.


Issues and Challenges

Various Initiatives 

Way Ahead 


India-South Korea (RoK) Relations

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations



Areas of Cooperation

Economic Cooperation:

Technological Collaboration:

Security and Defense:

Cultural and Educational Exchange:



Way Ahead

Source: TH

FIU IND Act Against Virtual Asset Providers

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy /Money Laundering  

In News 

About compliance action 

Financial Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND) 
– It was set by the Government of India in  2004 as the central national agency responsible for receiving, processing, analyzing and disseminating information relating to suspect financial transactions. 
– It  is an independent body reporting directly to the Economic Intelligence Council (EIC) headed by the Finance Minister.
– It is a multi disciplinary body with a sanctioned strength of 75 personnel. 
A. These are being inducted from different organizations namely Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), Department of Legal Affairs and Intelligence agencies.
– It is not a law enforcement agency and does not maintain any regional office or employees outside its office at New Delhi, India



Present Status  and Challenges

Other steps to regulate VDAs

Conclusion and Way Forward 


India, Pakistan Exchange List of Nuclear Installations

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations



The Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Installations and Facilities:

Significance of the Agreement:

Nuclear Power: India and Pakistan



Source: TH

India’s 1991 Economic Crisis

Syllabus: GS3/Indian Economy

In Context

About S.Venkitaramanan

1991 Economic Crisis in India

Immediate Step Taken by Government

Reforms by Government of India


Source: TH

Increase in Coal Production in India

Syllabus: GS3/Energy



Current Status of Coal Reserve 

Reasons for High Production

Arguments in favour of India’s continued reliance of coal

Challenges and Concerns

Way Ahead

Source: AIR

Radiocarbon Dating

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology

In Context

Radiocarbon Dating

How does radiocarbon dating work?

What are the limitations of carbon-14 dating?

Has radiocarbon dating improved over the years?

What discoveries has carbon-14 testing revealed?

Source: TH

News in Shorts

PLI Scheme for Automobile Sector

Syllabus :GS 3/Economy 

In News

About the Scheme 

Recent amendment 

Source: Air 

Psychoanalysis Test

Syllabus: GS3/Science and Technology

In Context

What is a Psychoanalysis Test?

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