UNFPA on India’s Population

Syllabus: GS2/Population and Associated Issues; International Institutions



Key Takeaways From the Report

Key Concerns Highlighted in the Report

Conclusion and Way Forward

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

– It is (formerly known as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities) a UN agency, established in 1969, aimed at improving reproductive and maternal health worldwide.
– It is the largest international source of assistance for population programs for the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (1994).
– UNFPA works directly to tackle Sustainable Development Goals on health (SDG3), education (SDG4) and gender equality (SDG5).
– UNFPA is entirely supported by voluntary contributions of donor governments, intergovernmental organizations, the private sector and foundations and individuals, not by the United Nations regular budget.

Source: Business Standard

India lost 2.33 million hectares of tree cover since 2000: Global Forest Watch

Syllabus: GS3/Environment




Source: IE

Decline in Private Investment

Syllabus: GS3/Economy



What is the trend seen in private investment in India?

What is GFCF and why does it matter?

Why Private Investment is Low in India?

Way Ahead

Source: TH

India to deliver BrahMos missiles to Philippines 

Syllabus: GS2/International Relations, GS3/Defence


India’s Defence Export

India's Defence Export

Government steps

Concluding remark

BrahMos missiles

– It is a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya. 
a. The missile derives its name from the Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers.
– The BrahMos joint venture was formed in 1998 and the first successful launch of the missile took place in 2001.


– Stages: BrahMos is a two-stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine.
a. First stage brings the missile to supersonic speed and then gets separated.
b. The second stage takes the missile closer to three times the speed of sound in cruise phase. 
– Range: The range of the missile was originally capped at 290 kms as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). 
a. Following India’s entry into the club in June 2016, DRDO officials had stated that the range would be extended to 450 km and to 600 km at a later stage. 

Source: BL

Gender Gap in STEM Faculty

Syllabus: GS1/Society; GS3/S&T



Reasons for low representation

Government schemes

Way Ahead

Source: TOI

News in Short

Submersible Platform for Acoustic Characterisation and Evaluation (SPACE)

Syllabus: GS3/Defence




Source: PIB


Syllabus: GS3/Science



Source: Science

Voice Swap Technology

Syllabus: GS3/Cybersecurity



Source: IE

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