Topic 1: Henley Passport Index

Context: India has climbed seven places to the 80th rank from 87th last year.

About the Index:

Topic 2: India supports U.N. on the Black Sea initiative

Context: Recently Russia announced that it would suspend its involvement in an agreement with Ukraine that has enabled both countries to continue exporting grain amid Russia’s ongoing invasion of the neighboring nation. 

About the Initiative:

What would the suspension of the deal mean? 

Way forward

Topic 3: Indus Water Treaty (IWT)

Context:  India announced that it wants to modify the 62-year-old IWT with Pakistan, citing what it called Pakistan’s “intransigence” in resolving disputes over the Kishenganga and Ratle hydropower projects, both in Jammu and Kashmir.

About IWT:

Importance of IWT:

Way forward

Topic 4: The Rajasthan Minimum Guaranteed Income Bill, 2023 

Context:  Recently, the Rajasthan government introduced ‘The Rajasthan Minimum Guaranteed Income Bill, 2023’ in the Assembly.

About Bill / (Main Provisions of the Bill):

What is Minimum Guaranteed Income:

Topic 5: Bacteriophages

Context: Not all viruses are killers as with bacteria, “good” or “friendly” viruses (bacteriophages) can also be beneficial for health.

About Bacteriophages:

Significance of Phage therapy



Topic 6: Tankai method

Context: The Ministry of Culture and the Indian Navy sign an MoU to revive the ancient stitched shipbuilding method (Tankai method)

Key details:

Topic 7 : Why did Turkey lift its opposition against Sweden?

Context: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held its two-day summit in Vilnius, Lithuania.

Why was Turkey against Sweden’s membership in NATO?

Why did Turkey withdraw its opposition?

What does Sweden’s membership mean for NATO?

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