Topic 1: Women’s reservation

Why in news: The government brought The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Amendment) Bill, 2023 to provide 33 per cent reservation to women in Lok Sabha and state Legislative Assemblies.

About the Bill:

When the Bill can be operationalized:

How will the reserved seats be identified in the first instance, and subsequently?

How are the seats that are reserved for SCs and STs decided currently?

What is delimitation?

Who carries out delimitation?

What is the process?

Previous delimitation

What constitutional amendments will be needed to operationalise the scheme of women’s reservation?

Reservation for women in Panchayati Raj institutions and Urban Local Bodies

Background to the 73rd and 74th amendments

The  73rd and 74th Amendments:

Topic 2: Simultaneous polls: do States have a say?

Why in news: The Union government set up a committee under the leadership of the former President of India Ram Nath Kovind to look into the feasibility of simultaneous polls to State Assemblies and the Lok Sabha.

Key details:

What are simultaneous polls?

Which Articles deal with the process of amendment?

Constitutional changes:

Which amendments require ratification by States?

Can a constitutional amendment be struck down if not ratified?

Can a State rescind its ratification?

Law Commission and Simultaneous elections:


Topic 3: Operation Sajag

Why in news: Coastal security drill ‘Operation Sajag’ conducted by Indian Coast Guard along the west coast.

Key  details:

Topic 4: SHREYAS scheme

Why in news: The government informed the Parliament about the success of SHREYAS scheme.

About the scheme:

Topic 5: New science awards

Why in news: The Union government is set to institute the Rashtriya Vigyan Puraskar — 56 prizes to felicitate scientists, technologists and innovators.

Key details:

Topic 6: Report on global impact of high BP

Why in news: World Health Organization (WHO) released its first-ever report on the global impact of high blood pressure recently.

Key findings of the report:

How to tackle hypertension:

Topic 7: Green Nudges

Why in news: A team of researchers analysed customer-level response to green nudges on an online food delivery platform in China.

What are green nudges?



Do green nudges work in India?

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