Topic 1: SC urges Centre to transfer cheetahs to another location

Context: Recently, the Supreme Court told the Union Government that the deaths of 40% of the 20 cheetahs brought from South Africa and Namibia to the Kuno National Park (KNP) in under a year do not present a good picture.

About the Cheetah:

Asiatic Cheetah – Critically Endangered

African Cheetah – Vulnerable

Project Cheetah:

The major objectives of the introduction project are:

  1. To establish breeding cheetah populations in safe habitats across its historic range and manage them as a metapopulation,
  2. To use the cheetah as a charismatic flagship and umbrella species to garner resources for restoring open forest and savanna systems that will benefit biodiversity and ecosystem services from these ecosystems,
  3. To use the ensuing opportunity for eco-development and eco-tourism to enhance local community livelihoods and
  4. To manage any conflict by cheetahs or other wildlife with local communities within cheetah conservation areas expediently through compensation, awareness, and management action. Topic 2: Centre bans export of non-basmati white rice to check price rise

Context: Recently, the Centre banned the export of non-basmati white rice with immediate effect to boost domestic supply and help control inflation.

Why the centre bans export of non-basmati rice:


Why India is Crucial to global rice Trade?

Context: Recently, Delimitation Commission finalize the Delimitation Order for the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir.

What is the Delimitation Commission of India?

Constitutional Provisions

Context:  The Delhi government’s Department of Drugs Control has written a letter to the president of All Chemist Associations of Delhi to avoid the sale of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like Aspirin, Ibuprofen, and Diclofenac, without a prescription from a regular medical practitioner.



Dengue shock syndrome

Context: While the govt agreed for a short discussion on the first day of the Monsoon Session of Parliament, the Opposition insisted that the Prime Minister make a suo motu statement followed by a discussion, suspending all business under Rule 267.
What is Rule 267, and Rule 176

Rule 176

Context: Recently, the Supreme Court referred the Delhi Government’s challenge against a Central ordinance — which effectively returns power over the civil services in the national capital to the Lieutenant Governor — to a Constitution Bench.

Delhi Ordinance

The Ordinance promulgated by the President amending the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act 1991(GNCTD Act) took away the services from the jurisdiction of the Delhi government. The services had been earlier restored to the Delhi government by the Supreme Court in a landmark judgment delivered. The Ordinance nullifies that judgment of the Supreme Court. 

What is a Constitution Bench?

The Supreme Court is at the apex of the Indian judicial system. As the guardian of the Constitution, it is the primary duty of the SC to uphold the fundamental rights of citizens and protect their liberties. Whenever a matter of law arises that requires a provision or provision of the Constitution to be interpreted, or there is a “significant legal question”, it is required to be decided by a Bench involving a minimum of five judges of the Supreme Court. Such a Bench is called Constitution Bench.

Constitution Benches have decided some of India’s most significant cases over the years:

When does the SC set up a Constitution Bench?

Article 145(3), which deals with the rules of the court, provides for the setting up of a Constitution Bench. Article 145(3) says a minimum of five judges need to sit for deciding a case involving a “substantial question of law as to the interpretation of the Constitution”, or for hearing any reference under Article 143, which deals with the power of the President to consult the SC.

Other scenarios in which a Constitution Bench can be constituted are: 

The Strength of Constitution Benches

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