Topic 1: Metro under the River

Context: Trial runs are underway on India’s first underwater transport tunnel.

About the Project: East-West corridor

Technology involved in the Project and challenges:


Topic 2: Assam-Arunachal Border Dispute

Context:  Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and his Arunachal Pradesh counterpart Pema Khandu signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) over the long-standing border dispute between the two states.

The Border Dispute:

Before North East Frontier Agency NEFA (now Arunachal Pradesh) was carved out of Assam in 1954, a sub-committee headed by then Assam Chief Minister Gopinath Bordoloi had made a set of recommendations in relation to the administration of NEFA and submitted a report in 1951.

According to the recommendation, around 3,648 kilometres of the “plain” area of Balipara and Sadiya foothills were transferred from NEFA to Assam.

When Arunachal was made a Union Territory in 1972, it contended that several forested tracts in the plains that had traditionally belonged to tribal communities were unilaterally transferred to Assam.

Chronology of Dispute resolution: 

Topic 3: First-Ever Trilateral Talks between India, Armenia, Iran

 Context: Recently, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India, Armenia and Iran held the first trilateral political consultations in Yerevan.

Key Details

Topic 4: India ranks second globally in gold investment

India’s ultra-high-net-worth individuals (UHNIs) allocated 6% of their total investable wealth in the gold last year.

 In 2022, the average UHNI wealth allocation in gold was 3% globally and 4% in the Asia-Pacific region.

Indian UHNIs have stepped up gold allocation from 4% in 2018. This is because gold has delivered returns of over 69 percent in the past 5 years. The

Pandemic resulted in a low interest rate and an easy liquidity strategy adopted by central banks gave a massive push to prices.

In the wake of uncertainties in the global economic landscape, consumers resorted to allocating incremental capital to assets that offer stability and serve as a hedge against inflation.

What Is a High-Net-Worth Individual (HNWI)?

Topic 5: India’s cheetah reintroduction plan ignored spatial ecology

Context: Namibian experts warns that Cheetah project overestimated carrying capacity of Kuno Park.

Project Cheetah:

What is the concern now?

What could be the likely fallout?

Topic 6: Increase in Wheat Procurement

Context: Recently, the wheat procurement by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and State government agencies has surpassed last year’s procurement.

About Foodgrain Procurement in India 

About Minimum Support Price (MSP)

Challenges faced by the farmers:

How Government decides the MSP

Procurement Cost to the Government

The Annual requirement of wheat for government schemes:

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