Topic 1: Sansad Ratna award

Context: Eight Lok Sabha members and five Rajya Sabha members have been nominated for the Sansad Ratna Awards, based on performance in questions, private members’ Bills and participation in debate.

About the award:

Sansad Ratna Award
Best Parliamentarian Award
Awarded forTop performing Indian Lok Sabha Members
Sponsored byPrime Point Foundation and PreSense
First awarded2010

Topic 2: New START agreement

Context: Russian President announced that Russia is suspending its participation in the New START, the last remaining major military agreement with the United States.

About New START

Intercontinental ballistic missileAn intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a ballistic missile with a range greater than 5,500 kilometres.It is primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery.The only known countries to have operational ICBMs are:RussiaThe United StatesChinaFranceIndiathe United KingdomIsraelNorth KoreaIndia’s ICBM:Agni-V is an Indian nuclear capable intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization.The missile have a range of around 5,000 to 5,500 kilometers.

Topic 3: Whale stranding

Context: Many pilot whales were stranded near the shore of Kalpitiya, a town located on Sri Lanka’s west coast. 

What is whale stranding?

Pilot whales:

Topic 4: Suposhit Maa initiative

Context: The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has praised the initiative of ‘Suposhit Maa’ launched by the current Lok Sabha speaker.

Key details:

Topic 5: Vostro accounts

Context: 20 Russian banks have opened Special Rupee Vostro Accounts (SRVA) with partner banks in India.

Key details:

Vostro, Nostro and Loro Accounts
The Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA)It is a civil law dealing with foreign exchange market in India.Under it the Central Government can regulate the flow of payments to and from a person situated outside the country.Financial transactions concerning foreign securities or exchange cannot be carried out without the approval of FEMA.The Act empowers RBI to place restrictions on transactions from capital Account even if it is carried out via an authorized individual.

Topic 6: El Niño and La Nina

Context: India is experiencing a colder than normal winter due to the north-south winter flow set up by the climate phenomenon known as La Niña. There is a 50% possibility for its companion phenomenon, the El Niño to occur.

Key details:

Transition between the two phenomena and its impact

Topic 7: AstroSat

Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has made an announcement of opportunity (AO) to allow scientists and researchers to analyse data from the first dedicated Indian astronomy mission, AstroSat.

About AstroSat:

Topic 8: A corrupt act under the RPA, 1951

Context: The Supreme Court observed that providing false information about an electoral candidate’s qualifications cannot be considered a “corrupt practice” under Sections 123 (2) and Section 123 (4) of the Representation of People’s Act, 1951.

Corrupt practices under the RPA, 1951

Representation of People Act, 1950 And Representation of People Act, 1951.

Representation of People Act, 1950Representation of People Act, 1951
The Act makes provisions relating to the allocation of seats in the House of the People, the State Legislative Assemblies and the State Legislative Councils.The Act makes provisions relating to qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Parliament and State Legislatures.
The Act makes provisions relating to delimitation of Parliamentary, Assembly and Council Constituencies.The Act makes provisions relating to notification of general elections.
The Act makes provisions relating to election officers like chief electoral officers, district election officers, electoral registration officers and so on.The Act makes provision relating to administrative machinery for the conduct of elections.
The Act makes provisions relating to electoral rolls for Parliamentary, Assembly and Council constituencies.The Act makes provisions relating to registration of political parties.
The Act makes provisions relating to manner of filling seats in the Council of States to be filled by representatives of union territories.The Act makes provisions relating to conduct of elections.
The Act makes provisions relating to local authorities for purposes of elections to the State Legislative Councils.The Act makes provisions relating to disputes regarding elections.
The Act makes provisions relating to barring the jurisdiction of civil courts.The Act makes provisions relating to bye-elections and time limit for filling vacancies.

Topic 9: Feed Back Unit

Context: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has given the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) its nod to prosecute Deputy Chief Minister of Delhi in a prevention of corruption case related to a ‘Feed Back Unit’ (FBU) created in 2015.

About the Feed Back Unit

Topic 10: Child Marriage in India

Context: Activists working on ground suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic combined with poverty may have worsened the phenomenon of child marriage in India. 

Meaning of child marriage:

Prevalence of Child marriage in India:

Factors leading to child marriage:


Laws and policy interventions against child marriage in India:

Way forward

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