India’s Coffee Industry

Syllabus: GS3/Major crops- cropping patterns in various parts of the country


Coffee Board of India
– The ‘Coffee Board’ was established through a Constitutional act “Coffee Act VII of 1942.
– Administrative control: The Ministry of Commerce and Industry. 
– Structure: The Board comprises 33 members including the Chairman and the Secretary & Chief Executive Officer. 
A. The remaining 31 members represent the various interests such as coffee growing industry, coffee trade interests, curing establishments, interests of labour and consumers, representatives of governments of the principal coffee growing states, and Members of Parliament.
– Statutory Committees: The Board functions through six statutory committees which are appointed for one year term each and the functions of each committee as per the Coffee Act.
– Role: The activities of the Board are broadly aimed at 
(i) enhancement of production, productivity & quality; 
(ii) export promotion for achieving higher value returns for Indian Coffee and
(iii) supporting development of Domestic market.

Historical Context

India’s Coffee Industry



Government Initiatives

Way Ahead

Source: AIR

Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) 

Syllabus: GS2/e Governance



Digital Public Infrastructures (DPIs) 

Present Status in India:


E Governance and Transparency:

Economic Impact:

Social Impact:

Additional Benefits:



Way Ahead:

Source: TH

FDI in Space Sector of India

Syllabus: GS3/Space Technology; Indigenization of Technology


India and Space Sector

Policy Changes and FDI in Space Sector

The Entry Routes:

Other key initiatives to boost space sectors in India
– Indian Space Policy 2023: It laid down roles and responsibilities of organisations such as ISRO, NewSpace India Limited (NSIL) and private sector entities.
A. It aims to enhance the participation of research, academia, startups and industry.
– Tax Incentives: It needs to take more initiatives for tax exemptions/tax holidays/accelerated depreciation for companies directly or indirectly engaged in space sector activities.
– Strategic Proposals by SIA: The Space Industry Association – India (SIA-India) in its Pre-Budget Memorandum for the FY 2024-25 has proposed a substantial increase in India’s space budget.
A. It aims to support India’s expanding space program, foster private sector involvement, drive technological advancements, and position the nation as a key player in the dynamic global space ecosystem.

Significances of FDI in Space Sectors

Concerns and Challenges


Source: TH

Financial Devolution Among States

Syllabus: GS2/Centre-State Relations; GS3/Indian Economy


About the Financial Devolution Among States

The Divisible Pool of Taxes:

About Finance Commission
– It is a Constitutional Body [Article 280(1)] constituted every five years exclusively by the Union Government to give suggestions on Centre-State Financial relations.
– It consists of a chairman and four other members who are appointed by the President.
– The Finance Commission (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1951, has specified the qualifications for chairman and other members of the commission.
15th Finance Commission:
– It was constituted in 2017 under the Chairmanship of NK Singh, and the recommendations of it are valid up to the financial year 2025-26.
16th Finance Commission:
– It was constituted on 31.12.2023 with Shri Arvind Panagariya (former Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog) as its Chairman for making its recommendations for the period of 2026-31.

Role of 15th Finance Commission

Challenges and Concerns

Way Forward

Source: TH

Rise in India’s Smartphone Exports 

Syllabus: GS3/ Economy



India’s position in smartphone exports sector

Challenges faced by India’s smartphone exports sector

Government steps

Way Ahead

Source: TH

News in Short 

Rip Currents



What are Rip currents?

Cause of Rip currents

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)
– INCOIS is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organisation (ESSO).
– ESSO-INCOIS was established in 1999 under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and is located in Hyderabad.
– Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC) is also housed in the INCOIS.
– Mandate: To provide the ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and scientific community through sustained ocean observations and systematic and focussed research.

Source: TH

Rani Chennamma

Syllabus: GS1/History and Culture


Rani Chennamma

The Kittur Rebellion

Doctrine of lapse

Source: IE

Samakka Saralamma Jatara

Syllabus: GS1/Culture


About the Samakka Saralamma Jatara:


Source: TH

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