Topic 1: Skin Bank

Context: North India’s first skin bank opens in Safdarjung Hospital

Key details:

Understanding skin donation

More about skin banks:

Who can be a donor?

The current state of skin banks in India


Way forward

Topic 2: Draft livestock and livestock products Bill

Context: The Centre has withdrawn the proposed draft of the Live-stock and Live-stock Product (Importation and Exportation) Bill, 2023.

About the Bill:

Arguments in favour of the law:

Arguments against the Bill:

Way forward:

Topic 3: What is a Guinness World Record?

Context: Prime Minister of India led yoga session at United Nations headquarters, on the occasion of 9th International Yoga Day, created a Guinness World Record for participation of people of most nationalities in a yoga event.

About Guinness World Records


Topic 4: The New Collective Quantified Goal

Context: Along with climate finance, a New Collective Quantified Goal (NCQG) was on the table for deliberations at COP27.

Key details:

About NCQG

GS III: Environmental Pollution and Degradation (Climate Change) About Paris Climate AgreementThe Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change.It was adopted by 196 Parties at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris, on 12 December 2015.It entered into force on 4 November 2016.Aim:To hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.For the first time, a binding agreement brings all nations together to combat climate change and adapt to its effects.The Paris Agreement works on a five-year cycle of increasingly ambitious climate action.Since 2020, countries have been submitting their national climate action plans, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs).Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)In their NDCs, countries communicate actions they will take to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement.Countries also communicate in their NDCs actions they will take to build resilience to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Long-Term StrategiesThe Paris Agreement invites countries to formulate and submit long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies (LT-LEDS).LT-LEDS provide the long-term horizon to the NDCs.Unlike NDCs, they are not mandatoryHow are countries supporting one another?FinanceThe Paris Agreement reaffirms that developed countries should take the lead in providing financial assistance to countries that are less endowed and more vulnerable.TechnologyIt establishes a technology framework to provide overarching guidance to the well-functioning Technology Mechanism.Capacity-BuildingThe Paris Agreement places great emphasis on climate-related capacity-building for developing countries and requests all developed countries to enhance support for capacity-building actions in developing countries.

Need of a new finance goal

Arguments of the developed countries:

Way forward:

Topic 5: Delhi Statehood Debate

Context: The Supreme Court delivered a unanimous verdict recently in favour of the Delhi government on who should control the bureaucracy in the national capital.

About the SC verdict:

Government’s response:

Arguments in favour of statehood for Delhi:

Arguments Against Delhi Statehood

The Way Forward

GS II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States:At present, Delhi is governed by multiple authorities:Delhi Government:The government of Delhi has the power to formulate laws on all matters mentioned in the State and Concurrent Lists of Seventh Scheduleexcept matters pertaining to:PoliceLaw and orderMunicipal services like water, drainage, electricity, transport etc.LandJurisdiction of courtsLieutenant Governor (LG):LG governs the matters which are not prerogative of the Government of Delhi (listed above)The government of India:The central government handles a variety of issues across a number of departments.Other bodies also handle matters assigned to them.:Three municipal corporations (East, North and South),New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC),Delhi Cantonment Board and Delhi Development Authority (DDA) 

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