Topic 1: Matangini Hazra and Kanaklata Barua

Context: During her address to the nation on the eve of Independence Day, President of India paid tributes to women freedom fighters.

Matangini Hazra:

Kanaklata Barua

Topic 2: Cloudburst

Context: Following heavy rains in Himachal Pradesh, landslides have occurred in the state.

About a cloudburst

How common are cloudbursts?

Can cloudbursts be forecast?

Topic 3: Aditya-L1 mission

 Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) released images of the Aditya-L1 mission.

About the Aditya-L1 mission

Significance of studying the Sun

Topic 4: Nutrition and Tuberculosis

Context: According to recent reports, nutritional support has helped prevent both tuberculosis (TB) among household contacts and mortality among TB patients in a trial in Jharkhand.

Key details:

Key achievements of the trial

What was the nutritional support provided?

Effect of undernutrition

About Tuberculosis

Prevalence in India

Key initiatives by Indian government for elimination of TB:


Topic 5: Cauvery water sharing issue

Context: Recently, the Tamil Nadu government urged the Supreme Court to direct Karnataka to ensure the release of water as per the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT)’s final award of February 2007 that was modified by the SC in 2018.

The dispute over Cauvery water

Cauvery Fact Finding Committee:

The Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal

Final order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal

How is the water being shared?

The current issue:

Arguments of Karnataka:

Way forward:

Topic 6: Permanent security units for all courts

Context: The Supreme Court has proposed “permanent security units” to guard court complexes across the country, recalling incidents of gunfire and violence on court premises.

Need for permanent security units:

The plan:

Topic 7: Rajasthan’s Annapurna scheme

Context: The Annapurna food packet scheme, launched by the Rajasthan government in is set to benefit about 1.10 crore people.

Key details:

Topic 8: Vishwakarma Yojana

Context: Prime Minister of India recently announced a scheme for artisans — Vishwakarma Yojana.

About the scheme:

Topic 9: California’s Redwoods

Context: A mission to undo decades of damage to the redwoods of California caused by unchecked logging involves even more logging and chain saws.

Key details:

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