Topic 1: Caste discrimination

Context: Seattle became the first US city to outlaw caste discrimination recently after its local council voted to add caste to the city’s anti-discrimination laws.

Key details:

What is India’s caste system?

Constitutional Safeguards against caste discrimination in India:

Legal safeguards:

Topic 2: The higher pension option offered by EPFO

Context: The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has issued guidelines to allow a section of its older members to opt for higher pension under the Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS).

Current pension structure:

Who gets pension under the EPS?

2014 amendments in EPS


Topic 3: Keeladi

Context: The excavations in Keeladi from 2015 prove that an urban civilisation existed in Tamil Nadu in the Sangam age on the banks of the Vaigai river.

Key details:

Topic 4: Mukaab

Context: Saudi Arabia unveiled its latest grand plan to transform its capital city with a new project coming up in Riyadh.

About Mukaab:

Topic 5: Mohiniyattam

Context: Mohiniyattam exponent Kanak Rele passed away recently.

About Rele:

About Mohiniyattam:

Classical dances of IndiaClassical dance forms of India, also known as Shastriya Nritya, come from the words, Shastriya meaning classical and Nritya meaning the act of dancing.Sangeet Natak Akademi has recognised 08 classical dance forms whereas the Ministry of Culture has recognised 09 classical dance forms.Treaties on classical dance:Acharya Nandikeshawara’s Abhinaya DarpanSharangdev’s Sangeeth Ratnakar (Nartanadhyaya)Natya ShastraClassical dances recognised by the Sangeet Natak AkademiBharatanatyam, from Tamil NaduKathak, from Uttar PradeshKathakali, from KeralaKuchipudi, from Andhra PradeshManipuri, from ManipurMohiniyattam, from Kerala[a]Odissi, from OdishaSattriya, from AssamAdditional dances recognised by the Ministry of CultureChhau, from Eastern India (OdishaJharkhand, and West Bengal)

Topic 6: The Chicago Convention

Context: Cabinet approves the ratification of three Protocols on Article 3 and Article 50 (a) & Article 56 relating to amendments in the convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention), 1944.

Key details:

About Chicago Convention:

Topic 7: High Seas

Context: While the high seas make up more than 60% of the world’s oceans, they have long drawn far less attention than coastal waters. The UN wants to protect them in a global treaty.

What are High Seas?

Significance of High Seas

Climate change and Oceans

Way forward:

UN High Seas treaty

UNCLOSThe United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international agreement that establishes a legal framework for all marine and maritime activities.The Convention resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982.UNCLOS replaced the four treaties of the 1958 Convention on the High Seas.UNCLOS came into force in 1994.While the Secretary-General of the United Nations receives instruments of ratification and accession and the UN provides support for meetings of states party to the Convention, the United Nations Secretariat has no direct operational role in the implementation of the Convention.A UN specialized agency, the International Maritime Organization as well as other bodies such as the International Whaling Commission and the International Seabed Authority (ISA), which was established by the Convention itself, plays an important role for implementation of the Convention.It divides marine areas into five main zones:Internal Waters,Territorial Sea,Contiguous Zone,Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)the High Seas.It is the only international convention which stipulates a framework for state jurisdiction in maritime spaces.

Topic 8: Gross Domestic Climate Risk Report

Context: The Indian economy is likely to suffer a major beating alongside China and the United States due to climatic impacts, a global report on climate risk predicted recently.

About the report:

Key predictions for India:

Global predictions:

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