Topic 1: Zealandia

Context: After 375 years of speculation and exploration, scientists have finally confirmed the existence of a “missing” continent known as Zealandia or Te Riu-a-Māui. Zealandia is now recognized as the world’s eighth continent.

Key details:

Topic 2: Rule 357 of the Rules and Procedure for Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha

Context: A Congress MP cited Rule 357 of procedure and conduct of business in the lower house of the Parliament.

What is Rule 357?

Topic 3: Science behind earthquake tremors

Context: Strong tremors were felt in Delhi, Noida, Gurugram and other neighbouring cities after an earthquake of magnitude 6.6 struck the Hindu Kush region in Afghanistan.

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Topic 4: Waste-to-energy plants

Context: The Kerala government recently announced the State’s first waste-to-energy project in Kozhikode.

What are Waste-to-energy plants?

Need for such plants in India:




Topic 5: SARS-CoV-2 XBB.1.16 variant

Context: Over the past three years and multiple waves of infection, the SARS-CoV-2 virus continues to evolve by accumulating genetic variations.

What are recombinants?

What is the XBB.1.16 lineage?

Topic 6: National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) scheme

Context: Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) is implementing National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) scheme across the country since 2014 and was restructured in 2021.

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Topic 7: Rajasthan Right to Health Bill (updated from 23rd January 2023)

Context: Rajasthan becomes first State to pass Right to Health Bill.

What is Right to Health?

The bill

What facilities will people get?

Grievance redressal system


Topic 8: Mir Jafar

Context: A Congress leader was called the “present-day Mir Jafar” who sought help from abroad to fight political battles in India, by a ruling party spokesperson.

Who was Mir Jafar?

Topic 9: INS Androth

Context: Anti-submarine warship INS Androth launched.

Key details:

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