Topic 1 : Exercise AUSTRAHIND-23

Why in news: Indian Armed Forces contingent departs for Australia to take part in second edition of AUSTRAHIND-23

Key details:

Why in news: Qatar announced the success of mediation efforts between Israel and Hamas, resulting in an agreement for a humanitarian pause.

Key details:

Difference between humanitarian pause and a ceasefire:

Why in news: Comedian Vir Das won an International Emmy Award for his Netflix show. Das is the first Indian to win in the comedy category.

What are the Emmy Awards?

Different kinds of Emmy Awards:

Who gives the Emmy awards?

Why in news: The black-spotted croaker, or the ghol fish was declared the state fish of Gujarat recently.

About the ghol fish:

Why was the ghol chosen?

Commercial importance of the fish:

Why in news: Investor Risk Reduction Access (IRRA) was launched recently by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

About the IRRA platform:

How will the IRRA platform work?

Topic 6 : Exercise Vajra Prahar

Why in news: India-USA joint exercise Vajra Prahar commences in Umroi, Meghalaya.

Key details:

Why in news: The Punjab and Haryana High Court quashed a law enacted by the Haryana government in 2021 that guaranteed 75% reservation to locals in private sector jobs in Haryana.

Background of the reservation:

Challenges to the law:

Defence of the state:

Have other States enacted such laws?

Why did the High Court quash it?

Why in news: The government policy of the U.K., of creating a mechanism for the transfer of asylum seekers not considered by the U.K. to Rwanda, has been ruled as unlawful by the U.K. Supreme Court.

What is the Rwanda deal?

Why was it ruled unlawful?

Why in news: The State Educational Achievement Survey by PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) was conducted recently.

Key details:

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